Introduction: Solid Wood Chess-board

About: I've built houses, decks, custom cabinets, furniture of all types. Ive done furniture repair and restoration, residential and commercial remodels, restaurant seating and tables and hotel furniture. Ive been a …
I love playing Chess. Especially in the summer, sitting outside in the shade with a good friend and a cool beverage.
I have gone thru several boards thru-out the years and I have always wanted a good solid wood board. When the Toy contest opened and I saw the Maker-bot as a prize, I knew exactly what I wanted to enter.

In this instructable I am taking you through the steps of making a Chess-board.
The wood used for the squares are Cherry and Norway Maple, the border is made from Norway maple. All of the wood used was harvested from local tress fallen during storms. After a really bad storm I ALWAYS drive around with a chainsaw offering to help and haul away some of their larger pieces (so glad I have a trailer).

The actual squares are 1-1/2" X 1-1/2". The whole board with the border is about 12-1/2" X12-1/2".

Step 1: Plan and Gather Your Lumber

I'm really not one to draw up and go by plans. I really don't even like following plans. That being said, I do sketch ideas and make notes to figure out my rough needs for a project. This does have draw-backs at times, but I'm still able to "wing-it" with most projects.

A Chess/Checker-board consists of 64 squares total (8 columns and 8 rows).

After a quick sketch and some math, I found a couple of boards. The boards I have are rough sawn 5/4 boards (VERY ROUGH).

Step 2: Mill Your Lumber

My boards are in very rough shape,
The first thing I had to do was  put a clean edge on each board. I had to clamp my straightedge to the boards and rip a clean edge on each. Then, with the newly clean and straightened edge against the fence I ripped them to about 4" wide and cross-cut them to 28".
You should have 1 Cherry 4"X28" and 1 Maple 4"X28".

The next step is to clean up one face on each board. I used my joiner to accomplish this task. The end result should be a board with 1 clean and flat surface.
Next clean up one edge on each board to square it with the face of the board.
Mark an "X" on the cleaned edge of each board, (the cleaned face should be quite obvious (but if its not mark the "X" on the face that you squared the edge on.

With the X edge against the fence and the X face on the table of your table saw rip 2 strips from each board 1-1/2" wide.
After you rip the boards to finish width you will have some strips about 3/8" thick. Set them aside for use on the border of the board.
Now crosscut the 4 boards to 14"...

You should now have 8 boards 1.5" wide X 14" long (4 of one color wood and 4 of the other)

Step 3: First Glue-up

Gather up your clamps. (you can never have too many clamps) I used 3 bar clamps and a couple C-clamps.
Get the glue,  clamp pads (small blocks of wood) and  a wet rag.
I used a yellow wood glue, the set time for this is 5-10 minutes (depending on the age of the glue) mine is a couple years old so it sets very very fast, so I had to work very very fast.

When edge gluing, if you wipe the edges with a damp rag first, the glue spreads much faster.

I set my clamps up and dry clamp before applying the glue. This helps in clamping it up faster.
When you are ready, arrange the boards the way they look best, then turn each one on edge and run a bead of glue on each edge
spread the glue evenly across the edges. Then lay each board flat and clamp it up. Make sure nothing slides and try like crazy to keep all boards held firmly flat and with even pressure.

Let it sit for 2-4 hours...

Step 4: Time to Plane....

After the glue is dry, use a glue scraper to scrape away all the excess dried glue.
Now using a hand plane or a belt sander flatten each side.

Step 5: Cut Perpendicular Strips

I used my cross-cut sled and finish cut 1 end to square with one of the clean edges. Then, using a stop block set at 1.5" from the blade rip 8 strips...
Lay out the cut strips and flip every other strip to form the checkerboard pattern and get ready for another glue-up

Step 6: 2nd Glue-up

With your clamps, damp rag and clamp block at the ready, arrange and turn on end each strip just like before.
Run a bead of glue on each edge and spread it evenly and thoroughly. Then clamp it up as you did before. 

Let sit for 2-4 hours...

Step 7: Plane the Board Flat Again.

Once dry, scrape the glue and plane it flat again.

Step 8: Make the Border

Now is when those 3/8" scrap pieces we set aside come into play...
You can get creative here and alternate the color for each side of the board cherry, maple cherry maple... I decided to go with the maple on all sides. These are glued on each side and mitered with one another at the corners.

Step 9: Finish It

I rounded the edges of the top and bottom of the board, This gives it a much softer feel (not that that matters). Then sanded from 150 grit all the way to 320 grit..

Then a thorough wipe down with mineral spirits to check for any ugly glue spots.

I then applied 2 coats of sealer, sanding with 400 in-between coats and then finished with 2 coats of polycrylic. Then waxed and buffed.

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Thanks for looking.
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