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Mini Bio-gas plant using food waste, decomposable organic material and kitchen waste

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I have been searching for some method of using the food waste, decomposable organic material and kitchen waste efficiently, and came across information on producing bio-gas from organic waste.

The bio-gas produced from food waste, decomposable organic material and kitchen waste, consisting of methane and a little amount of carbon di oxide is an alternative fuel for cooking gas (LPG). Also, the waste materials can be disposed off efficiently without any odor or flies and the digested slurry from the bio-gas unit can be used as an organic manure in the garden.

Components of the Bio-gas Plant

The major components of the bio-gas plant are a digester tank, an inlet for feeding the kitchen waste, gas holder tank, an outlet for the digested slurry and the gas delivery system for taking out and utilizing the produced gas.

This project is also useful for students to have a hands-on learning experience in constructing a Mini Bio-Gas Plant, using locally available material.

Material Required:

1. Empty PVC can 50 ltrs capacity: 1 No. (to be used as Digester Tank)
2. Empty PVC can 40 ltrs capacity: 1 no. (to be used as Gas Holder Tank) (Make sure the smaller can fits inside larger one and moves freely)
3. 64 mm dia pvc pipe: about 40 cm long (to be used for feeding waste material)
4. 32 mm dia pvc pipe: about 50 cm long (fixed inside gas holder tank as a guide pipe)
5. 25 mm dia pvc pipe: about 75 cm long (fixed inside the digester tank as a guide pipe)
6. 32 mm dia pvc pipe: about 25 cm long (fixed on digester tank to act as outlet for digested slurry)
7. M-seal or any water-proof adeshive
8. Gas outlet system: Please see Step 4 below for required materials and construction

Tools required

Do not require many tools here. A hack saw blade for cutting the cans & pipes and a sharp knife for cutting holes on the cans are all the tools we need.

Additional accessories

A single burner bio-gas stove or a Bunsen Burner used in school laboratories
 
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Hello sir. I want to implement your method.

Please send the complete details to avin.satardekar@gmail.com

antoniraj (author)  avinash.satardekar6 hours ago
Please see attached file sent to your mail
samir sahil16 hours ago
sir can u please send me the full details of this method...
my email id-tbz.samiruddin@gmail.com
antoniraj (author)  samir sahil15 hours ago

Please see attached file sent to your mail

sagara33 days ago

Hello sir. I want to implement your method.

Please send the complete details to piyushpagrawal47@yahoo.in.

antoniraj (author)  sagara32 days ago
please see attached file sent to your mail
mkgajraj7 days ago
Hello
I have made 200 ltr plastic barrel biogas mini plant in home . But its not work properly. I making its no 8/3/15 and uesd cow waste get regular some gas two time out by out value but its not burn what happen id't know, how much take time it pls helps
Tks you
Manjitgajraj66@gmail.com
antoniraj (author)  mkgajraj7 days ago
Hello mkgajraj,

Good to know that you made a 200 ltr biogas plant at home. Please follow below directions :

1. Gas initially produced will not burn. Release the gas about three or four times by opening the outlet valve

2. Start feeding the biogas plant daily. One kilogram kitchen waste or weeds mixed with two ltrs of water

3. You made the plant on 8th March 2015. It will take some time for kitchen waste to produce gas. So please wait for a few more days

4. Even though you are not getting gas, do not forget to feed the plant daily.

5. Do not add more than one kilogram of waste

Hope this will help you
Hello sir
Thanks for replying & i will follow your suggestions .

Hello Sir,

Thank you very much for sharing a very valuable and knowledgeable information with demonstration. I am planning to make a prototype in my house. Hence, would like to request you to share other relevant information that you have which will help me prepare the prototype in my house. Please share the link of youtube if you have prepared the demonstration video during preparing this biogas plant.

Anticipating your positive response & your support.

Thanks & Regards,

Angel

antoniraj (author)  AngelChitrakar7 days ago

I do not have any demonstration video of making the biogas plant. I am not clear what type of information you want other than given here. I can send you details if you are more specific about your requirement. However, you can go through my other instructable on constructing a medium sized biogas plant at the following link :

http://www.instructables.com/id/Constructing-a-Medium-Sized-Biogas-Plant-Using-Kit/

my email address is everest_angel@hotmail.com

UmeshK38 days ago

sir can u please send me the full details of this method...
my email id-umeshbhardwaj222@gmail.com

antoniraj (author)  UmeshK37 days ago
Please see attached file sent to your mail

Hi, what an amazing project! Thanks so much for sharing this info. Open source is the revolution. Please send your file at gabriel.frappier@gmail.com.

What kind of a stove is to be attached? Natural gas? Propane?

antoniraj (author)  gabriel.frappier.59 days ago
Please go through attached file sent to your mail. For burning the gas you need to use a stove specially made for biogas. Otherwise you can use a Bunsen burner also to burn the gas.

You can also browse through my other instructable on medium sized biogas, where you can find information on biogas stove

http://www.instructables.com/id/Constructing-a-Medium-Sized-Biogas-Plant-Using-Kit/

Hi, unfortunately I don't seem to have received anything by email, I checked the junk mail as well. Are you sure that you spelled the email right? Thanks for your time.

antoniraj (author)  gabriel.frappier.59 days ago

I have sent to the mail id provided by you... gabriel.frappier@gmail.com

Ok, got it now. Thanks a lot, it's well done!

jvrparin10 days ago
hi sir im erick from philippines..im fascinated with your biogas project..please help me design a biogas plant for my pig pen of about 5 to 20 pigs using 4 pcs 200 liters plastic drums..hop to hear from u soon godbless
antoniraj (author)  jvrparin9 days ago
Please go through my other instructable on constructing a medium sized biogas plant at the following link

http://www.instructables.com/id/Constructing-a-Medium-Sized-Biogas-Plant-Using-Kit/
k.kundanp11 days ago

sir can u please send me the full details of this method...

my email id is k.kundanp@gmail.com

waiting for your reply

antoniraj (author)  k.kundanp10 days ago
Please see attached file sent to your mail
mkgajraj11 days ago
antoniraj (author)  mkgajraj11 days ago

there is nothing visible in your comments including the earlier one posted few days back.

Hi I received your
email of the whole process. Thanks you, that was really helpful. I wonder if
you can help me. We are a group of 2 students and we are doing a project about waste
and how food waste can turn into energy. Our aim is to tell people that waste
can be a source of energy. What we have in mind is to make a machine that uses
food waste to create biogas and then to turn it into electricity, just enough
to turn a light bulb on or to boil water. And we would love if you could help
us understand if this is possible and how long will the process take. By
creating this machine*, it allows users to divulge into the facts about the
process of turning food waste into bio gas and to understand how it could save
money on both food and electricity as well as how it can impact the state of
our planet in the long run.

We also intend on
showing that practicing this at home is a good way to be conscious of the
environment and that it is not as complicating as people think to build and
work a food waste storage system. this is my email address: anna_dassaro@hotmail.com

antoniraj (author)  anna.nano.5014 days ago

ok, I will send you some material which you can go through. Please check your mail

mkgajraj14 days ago

We are searching for Food Waste Disposer Type mini biogas digester family sized bio-digesters for a school enterprise project to treat organic farm and food wastes to produce biogas to operate a small generator for demonstration purposes. The ambient temperature varies from about 7C in winter to about 20 C in summer.
Sunshine hours will also vary depending on where the digester is sited.

where can I get two different sizes of digester
1. 2m3 active volume and
2. 5m3 active volume

Can you suggest?

antoniraj (author)  khaled.amin.73922 days ago

Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL) also installs Biogas Plants in Bangladesh. They will also provide TK 9000 as start-up subsidy. You can access their website here.

http://www.idcol.org/

antoniraj (author)  khaled.amin.73922 days ago

Your facebook profile you have given in your page shows you are from Bangladesh. Bangladesh Biogas Development Foundation (BBDF) is carrying out research as well as installation of Biogas plants suitable for the climate and size requirement. You can browse through their website at this link for more details please. You can also find their contact details at the bottom of the homepage.

http://www.biogasfoundation.org/

sreekanthk26 days ago

sir i want to built a similar biogas digester for using in home..i tried, but iam not abale to tab the gas properly....sir can u please send me the full details of this method...

my email id is sreekanthrlm@gmail.com

waiting for your reply

antoniraj (author)  sreekanthk26 days ago

this one is a prototype suitable for school science projects and not for home. This system will not provide the pressure required in a biogas stove. For construction details of a medium sized biogas plant for home use, please go through my other instructables at these links below. You can build them yourself without any special tools

http://www.instructables.com/id/Constructing-a-Med...

http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-Energy-From-W...

GulnihalSS28 days ago

Could you send also to me the details, I would be greatful. Thank you.

My mail - gulnihal04@hotmail.com

antoniraj (author)  GulnihalSS28 days ago

Please go through the attached files sent to your mail for more information

AniketA11 month ago

Sir, Will you please send me the details too... It would be very grateful of you
my email-Id is :-
aniket.nitrr@gmail.com
dudeaniket.anand@gmail.com

antoniraj (author)  AniketA11 month ago

please see detail sent to your mail

muhdi11 month ago

Sir, this is a great . please, can you send details of the procedure to my email -deveruchi07@gmail.com. Thank you for upload this information.

antoniraj (author)  muhdi11 month ago

Please see attached file sent to your mail

muhdi11 month ago

Sir, this is a great . please, can you send details of the procedure to my email -deveruchi07@gmail.com. Thank you for upload this information.

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