Introduction: 3D Catan. Designed, 3D Printed and Painted.
The Settlers of Catan designed by Klaus Teuber is an award-winning strategy game where players collect resources and use them to build roads, settlements and cities on their way to victory. The board itself is variable, making each game a little different from the next.
We are a couple who often host game nights with our flat. We have seen custom Catan sets made frequently and decided we wanted to make our own custom designed, 3D printed and Painted set to make the game more immersive.
This instructable will show you how we turned the original Catan into 3D Catan.
Note: You must still purchase a copy of the game in order to have access to the resource and development cards.
- PLA plastic
- Paint (Red, Blue, Yellow, Black, White)
- PVA glue
- 3D printer (we used our Anycubic i3 Mega)
- Hobby knife
- Plastic lids (to mix paint)
- Tissue paper
Step 1: Design the Models
We designed custom 3D game pieces in Blender version 2.79, an open source free CAD program. If you haven't heard of it, we highly recommend you check it out! However that is beyond the scope of this Instructable. Download Blender here: https://www.blender.org
All the hex tiles we designed are completely unique from one-another to make the game board even more immersive and detailed.
One of the files we have included for you is a blank hex tile. You don't need to print it but if you decide to learn Blender or already know a CAD program, you can use it it build your own custom tiles on top of.
We have attached all files we have created for you to use.
Step 2: 3D Print the Models
We 3D printed all our models on our Anycubic i3 Mega. The total time taken to print all the models was around ~80 hours. The amount of 1.75mm PLA filament used was roughly 700 grams.
- Infill: 5% (these are not structurally critical parts).
- Layer height for hex tiles: 0.2mm (you can go lower to get a more detailed print but the time will increase)
- Layer height for dragon/cities/settlements/roads: 0.1mm
- Support: Only for the dragon.
You can use any colored filament. In fact all your tiles can be the same color! However if the filament color is close to the final color of the tile then bad paint-jobs are less noticeable.
There are 116 game pieces to print
- 1x desert tile
- 1x each of the hill/brick tiles (3 total)
- 1x each of the mountain/ore tiles (3 total)
- 1x each of the pasture/wool titles (4 total)
- 1x each of the forest/lumber tiles (4 total)
- 1x each of the field/grain resource (4 total)
- 16x citys (4 for each player)
- 20x settlements (5 for each player)
- 60x roads (15 for each player)
- 1x dragon (we thought a ferocious dragon terrorising the lands was much cooler than a robber)
We did not design or print sea tiles, harbour pieces, number discs, dice, or any of the resource/development cards because we felt these were good enough as they were.
- hex tile mountain 1 (fixed).stl
- hex tile mountain 2.stl
- hex tile mountain 3 (fixed).stl
- hex tile sheep 1.stl
- hex tile sheep 2.stl
- hex tile sheep 3.stl
- hex tile sheep 4.stl
- hex tile straw 1.stl
- hex tile straw 2.stl
- hex tile straw 3.stl
- hex tile straw 4.stl
- raw hex tile.stl
- dragon robber.stl
- hex tile brick 1.stl
- hex tile brick 2.stl
- hex tile brick 3.stl
- hex tile desert 1.stl
- hex tile forest 1.stl
- hex tile forest 2.stl
- hex tile forest 3.stl
- hex tile forest 4.stl
Step 3: Print Touch-ups
When a 3D print is finished printing there are often some small issues with the part that need to be addressed including stringing and a flared base. The severity of these issues depend on how well tuned your printer is.
Here's how we processed the prints:
Remove corner discs
The reason we added small circular discs to the tiles was to prevent the corners from lifting and warping.
- Use snips to cut off the corner discs.
Stringing occurs when the hot nozzle moves to another point within a print-layer and draws out a thin fiber of plastic.
- Use a sharp hobby knife to remove the bulk of any stringing
- File and sand the ends of the strings flat.
A flared base is when the bottom few layers of the print flare outwards and are larger than they should be. This occurs when the bed is high and/or the bottom layer flow rate is too high. Bed/nozzle temperature also has an effect. We deliberately use settings like this to increase the print's adhesion to the print-surface. We would rather have a few minutes of post processing to do on the parts than have a multi-hour print fall of the bed and fail!
- File and sand the edges of the tiles to remove the flared base.
Step 4: Test Assembly
Make sure to check that the clean-up of the tiles was done well enough that all the tiles fit together without gaps.
We were so excited to see our designs come to life and look like a complete board after so many hours of printing!
Step 5: Colour Palettes
Here are the colors we ended up using for our pieces.
Don't feel confined to what we did! Make a fluro-pink dragon or a winter themed forest!
We mixed all our colours from the primaries red, blue and yellow and used black and white to shade/tint.
Step 6: Painting: Base Coat
The base coat essentially consists of all the colours you want the tiles to have. For example, in the wool tile we wanted, white sheep, a red barn, blue water and a brown fence.
To paint the basecoat we mixed acrylic paints to make the colours needed and painted several coats as required to cover the colour of the plastic.
Use the colour palette from the previous step to see what colours we used.
Step 7: Painting: Mixing the Wash
Washes are a technique used in model painting that when applied to selective parts of a model with a small brush and allowed to flow along lines and gaps create a look of depth and shadow where the detail is too small to have its own shadow.
You can buy premade washes for painting models available here. However, since we were not too worried about attention to detail we mixed acrylic paint with tap water and used that instead. We used a 2:1 ratio of water:paint e.g. 1 of teaspoon paint to 2 teaspoons of water. However, feel free to add more or less water as desired, we printed some extras of models and tiles so we could test things like this.
Step 8: Painting: Applying the Wash
Using a soft brush dip the paintbrush into the wash and cover the parts of your model/tile you want to have shadow detail. For the cities the whole model was painted with a black wash, but for the settlement, only the ground area was painted to avoid the houses showing up too dark. After application use a tissue or paper towel to wipe off the excess. You should be left with shadows and dark areas around crevices.
Step 9: Painting: Removing the Wash
The second step for washing the parts is to wipe off the excess wash. Wipe the model with tissue paper, therefore removing the wash from the high areas of the model and leaves the dark shaded crevices.
Step 10: Painting: Dry Brushing
Dry brushing is a highlighting technique commonly used in model painting.
- Use a wide paintbrush. Put a small amount of paint on the brush then wipe off the majority of the paint onto a piece of paper. You hardly want any paint on the brush! Dabbing the brush on the paper can help spread out the bristles too.
- Quickly and lightly brush the model. The bristles will catch on the high-points of the model and the small amount of paint on the brush will be deposited to highlight all the edges and high-points.
You can use different coloured dry brushing on the same model to make it even more detailed.
Step 11: Painting: Details
Some details need to be applied after the wash and dry brush in order to stay bright. We have documented all the models we added a detail coat too in the colour pallet.
Step 12: Painting: PVA Water
Using PVA glue, paint a layer on all water surfaces. The PVA will dry clear and give a glossy coat to the water.
Step 13: Painting: Player Colors
To paint the player colours we decided to only paint the roof of the cities and settlements so that the detail from the wash and dry brushing was maintained. The player colours were based on the colours used in the original Catan. We used two coats of acrylic paint for each city, settlement and road.
Step 14: Final Pieces
Step 15: Board Assembly
Once everything was complete we assembled the whole board to see how it looked as a fully formed game. We think the 3D pieces and the range of colours brings a lot more depth to the game and makes it a lot more visually appealing. We are excited to try it out for the next game night!
Step 16: Review and Mistakes
Overall we think we brought more character to the game but of course, with any project, there are things that go wrong and many things that could be improved.
What went wrong:
- Brick tiles - The orange dry brush was too light and didn't really highlight anything on the piece. Instead, we tried a white dry brush which didn't really match the tile. Finally, we went over the white with another orange so the combination of both colours seemed to capture the highlights.
- Dragon - We used a dark purple base coat and a black wash. However, the purple basecoat absorbed all of the blacks from the wash and the dragon appeared black. To fix this we had to do a light purple dry brush to try and make it purple again.
- Wheat tiles - The wheat tiles were originally printed yellow, however after painting the wheat fields yellow there was too much yellow in the tile. We added brown shading to the ground but it looked messy instead we decided to paint the whole ground brown and have yellow/gold wheat.
- Trees - We originally had the trees all separate from each other. However, after printing the first tile we found the top of the tree kept falling off the trunk. To fix this we changed the model so that all the tops of the trees were connected.
- Token size - Occasionally, we measured the diameter of the tokens wrong and printed tiles with too little area for the token to fit.
Tips and Tricks:
- If modelling your own tiles double-check all your measurements for the tiles
- Print extras of everything to test your paint colours and techniques on
- Print one tile at a time after it is modelled to ensure it prints correctly
First Prize in the