3D Printer - Working Area 40x40x40cm

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Introduction: 3D Printer - Working Area 40x40x40cm

About: Hello. My name is Thomas. I love spending time in my workshop. Please check my Youtube channel. I hope you enjoy :)

Hello everyone, in this project I want to show you how to make a 3D Printer.

I always wanted to have a diy 3d printer. The easiest way to make it is print frame parts and coonnect it with aluminium profiles or somethink like that. But I didn't have acces to any 3d printer. So, I used my cnc machine to make all nessesery parts and when 3d printer was almost assembled I printed plastic parts whitch were hard or imposible to make on cnc machine. And now i have a 3d printer with working area around 40x40x40 cm :)

I made a video and step by step instruction how to make it.

Step 1: Watch the Videos

I made three videos which show you step by step assembly of 3d printer. Videos will give you a good overview, but most important information are in the next steps.

Step 2: Materials, Parts, Tools

Frame materials:

- Aluminium profiles 20x20x2 mm
- Aluminium sheet 3mm
- Linear Rail Shafts 12mm
- Linear Shaft Bearings 12mm
- A lot of Screws, Nuts and Washers
- Stepper Motor Mounts

Drive components:

- Stepper Motors Nema 17
- Timing Belts GT2 6mm
- GT2 Timing Pulleys
- Screw Rods

Electronic:

- Arduino Mega 2560
- Ramps 1.4
- Stepstick A4988
- LCD 12864
- Power Supply
- Heated Bed
- Heater Block
- Endstops
- Thermistors
- A lot of Wires

Tools:

- Cnc Machine or 3D Printer
- Belt Sander
- Angle Grinder
- Drill
- Sandpaper
- Screws drivers
- Soldering Iron
- Pliers

Step 3: Project

Before I started making my printer I thought about different solutions and I made 3D project in Autodesk Inventor, it gave me a good overview on the whole machine. Dimensions of all parts you can download below.

Step 4: Frame Parts

Frame is made of aluminium profiles 20x20x2 mm. I thought about v-slot profiles, they are easier to connect but much more expensive. To the other elements I used aluminium flat bars 40x10mm, 40x8mm, 30x10mm and aluminium sheet 3mm. First, I cut all profiles(20x20) to the desired length and improved the edges on belt sander. Next I milled all parts. After milling I removed the holding tabs, improved edges, drilled holes and made threads.

Step 5: Frame + Y Axis

Connect aluminium profiles (585mm and 620mm length) with corner connectors using screws. Remember about the angle of 90 degrees ! Cut the linear rail shafts to 620mm. Screw Y shafts holder to the frame. Put in linear bearings to the bearings holder and put them on shafts. Next screw the bed bottom to the bearings holder. This is a platform for the bed.

Step 6: Frame + Z Axis

Connect aluminium profiles (560mm vertical and 585mm horizontal ) using corner connectors. Screw the Z bottom shaft holders. Connect 2 pieces of the frame with the Z mount plates. Still remember about 90 degree. Cut the shafts to 588mm and connect them with the Z bottom and top holders. To strengthen construction, screw the aluminium angle profiles from top to the bottom.

Step 7: X Axis

Screw bearings to the X Plates and put them in the Z axis. Remember about a bearing holder+nut one of each side. Cut the shafts to 624mm. Connect bearings with X Bearings Holder and screw them to the X Plate Extruder.

Now frame and axis are ready :)

Step 8: Motors, Endstops, Drive Components

Screw motor holders to the frame. Y axis holder was too high. So, I cut few millimeters from the top. Screw the motors to the holders and endstops to the frame. Triggers are made of steel and aluminium. Z axis trigger is adjustable. Timing belt connectors are made of steel and aluminium too. Next screw the gears, pulley wheels and timing belts. To the Z axis I used M6 threaded rods but only for test. I'll change them to 8 mm threaded rod with trapezoidal thread. Nuts are made of teflon.

Step 9: Bed, Extruder, Hotend

To make adjustable bed I used screws and hard springs. Top bed is connected to aluminium profiles and bottom bed. I didn't' had a that big aluminium sheet. So, bed is little to small but still work perfect :) On the top of the bed is 4 mm glass. Glass shapes are rounded with sandpaper. Extruder and hotend are made of aluminium. They are connected with teflon pipe.

Step 10: Steel Platform

This step is not necessary but is good for your machine. The construction is little flexible when you put on force. To reduce it I welded simple platform with steel profiles.

Step 11: Electronics, Heated Bed, Power Supply

The brain of the printer is Arduino Mega 2560 with Marlin software. To arduino are connected Ramps 1.4 shield and LCD 12864 Smart Controller. To power the printer I used a ATX power supply (very cheap and quite). But if printer works with 4 heated beds my old atx isn't enough. To power the 4 heated bed I used a power supply from old server station. To control which bed will be turned off or on, I made small control panel (schematic below). If I need use more than 2 beds, I have to turn on biggest power supply(a lot of noise). Of course you can power everything from 1 power supply, but I got my power supplies for free and this solution is good for me becouse I mostly use 1 heated bed. On the bottom of the heated bed is a cork board to keep maximum heat. In the rar file is Marlin program with my settings, but they aren't final (works good but can better).

Step 12: First Printing

Before machine was completely finished, I printed a hotend holder, fan holder, z axis threaded rod holder, smart controller enclosure and filament spool holder.

Step 13: Finish :)

3D Printer is completely finished :)

Just heat the nozzle and print something !

If you enjoy please subscribe my Youtube channel for more projects.

Thomas Workshop Youtube Channe

l If you have any questions, please leave a comment below :)

Design Now: In Motion Contest

Runner Up in the
Design Now: In Motion Contest

Microcontroller Contest 2017

Second Prize in the
Microcontroller Contest 2017

Robotics Contest 2017

Runner Up in the
Robotics Contest 2017

3 People Made This Project!

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252 Discussions

0
CostasV2
CostasV2

4 weeks ago

Hi very good project. I am trying to replicate it

0
chipomwenda091
chipomwenda091

Question 3 months ago on Step 13

What type of driller did you use for sharing the machine parts? Where can I buy it from? What are the specification of an exact one and how much will it cost me to buy from Zambia?

2
dragan.alin.p7z
dragan.alin.p7z

Question 4 months ago

Hello friends!

Does anyone have the image project in AutoCAD or any other design program?
FGDHSTHJ1CEWYE2.LARGE.jpg
0
seniavoinov99
seniavoinov99

Question 4 months ago

Hi, i have some problems with my printer,he can't do a proper homming process. I uploaded your firmware,changed max dimensions and endstop logic. The problem is that when i do Home from the display,alle the axis do a small movement like 1 cm. If i restart arduino, the y axis goes to endstop and smashes it trying to go over,like it doesnt exist while the bed does same movement for 1 cm. The z axis moves normaly to his endstop without problems.
Do you have any idea in what could be the problem? maybe the drivers?
Also if i move X and Y axis from display,they move normaly. Only with homing position i have troubles. With this problem he also doenst print,cause he doenst know where to position.
Can you help me please?

0
DeepalN
DeepalN

Question 4 months ago

connections of motors for each axis and limit switches is not clear.Please tell me how to complete it.
which kind of materials can use for this printer?

0
karim.lhe
karim.lhe

7 months ago

Can I contact you to send the pieces?

3
How_To_Do_Stuff
How_To_Do_Stuff

Reply 6 months ago

Hi if you want 3D printed ones, then I can supply you with them. Unfortunately if you want CNC machined ones I cannot help.

0
ANCONA_GAMES
ANCONA_GAMES

Reply 5 months ago

ktal amigo...si..si kiero para imprimirlos en 3d...enviamelos archivos de la mota xfavor a jgancona67@gmail.com...te lo agradecere....gracias ...salu2 desde mexico

0
Solerosso72
Solerosso72

5 months ago on Step 11

Ciao, can you show me how you connected the 4 plates to the relays?

0
Solerosso72
Solerosso72

Question 5 months ago on Step 13

cao, che tipo di relays hai usato? puoi mostrare il collegamento dal vivo?

2
Solerosso72
Solerosso72

Question 6 months ago on Step 13

Hello, great job, congratulations. One question the power of the power supply, did you connect 4 heated dishes? Thank you

0
hasiiii
hasiiii

Question 6 months ago

arduino codes plz

0
ANCONA_GAMES
ANCONA_GAMES

Question 6 months ago

ktal amigo me podrias mandar los archivos para imprimir las piezas de la mota xfa a mi correo.....jgancona67@gmail.com...gracias...solo me falta eso

0
romeoabikhalil
romeoabikhalil

Question 6 months ago

Can i make large one using the same components?

0
ch9anis
ch9anis

6 months ago on Step 13

Where can I find the programming code for a 3 dimensional printer?

2
ANCONA_GAMES
ANCONA_GAMES

Question 7 months ago on Introduction

k tal amigo de casualidad tendras los archivos en stl de las piezas k fresastes en la cnc ...para imprimirlas en 3d xfa ...este es mi correo..jgancona67@gmail.com....gracias y salu2 desde tabasco mexico

7
Swag89
Swag89

Question 9 months ago

Good day, hi sir.. i would like to know what type glass been use on the bed.. is it thermal shock resistance, tempered or only ordinary glass sir? i think i want to build one but keep wondering everyday from morning to night what glass on the top :)

1
JoseS346
JoseS346

Question 9 months ago

how many amps do i need for all 4 beds and for the rest off the system