Introduction: DIY! Arduino Home Automation
Home Appliances is now controlled by Arduino and Bluetooth this is totally possible. Now just download Arduino Home Controlling App on Your Smartphone and enjoy. This is very simple and easiest project to make. You need some electronics like Arduino UNO or Nano you choose , ULN2003a IC, HC-05 Bluetooth Module,12v Relays and some more small things and the total price is 15$ .So you can control your any 6 appliances but do not use Air Conditioner, Fridge ,Heater because this is more powerful things but if you are plugging more powerful relay so that is possible.
HC-05 Bluetooth module range 5 to 6.5 meters. First make this project ,second connect to your switch board and enjoy. I already connect a fan to cool down the LM7805 and my automation system work with 12v SMPS power supply. Please sorry for some problem in Circuit speling is (UNL2003) who(ULN2003).
Step 1: Parts Needed
1X Arduino Uno or Nano //your choise
1X HC-05 Bluetooth Module
1X ULN2003 IC with IC Base
1X LM7805 Voltage Regulator
6X 12V Relay
1X 1000uf Capacitor
You can easily buy this electronic in any electronics and hobby store. And also in Online
Step 2: The Circuit Diagram
Follow the Arduino circuit step and make one.I already use a 250 volts wire clip to connect the switch board. In this project not need to work with PCB you can use a vieroboard .
Step 3: The Code and App
First go to this link and copy the Code and download the app TrueScience22.
Click >>>> New Paste the code. Go To Tools >>>>Select the board>>>>Arduino Uno/Nano you choose. Port>>>>COM4 . Just Upload. This is very simple steps for all Arduino IDE User. If have no any software so go to this link Arduino.cc
Enjoy Your Project .
Plug with your house switch board and enjoy More.
Step 4: Know More for Relay and ULN2003
A relay is an electromagnetic switch operated by a relatively small electric current that can turn on or off a much larger electric current. The heart of a relay is an electromagnet (a coil of wire that becomes a temporary magnet when electricity flows through it). You can think of a relay as a kind of electric lever: switch it on with a tiny current and it switches on ("leverages") another appliance using a much bigger current. Why is that useful? As the name suggests, many sensors are incredibly sensitive pieces of electronic equipment and produce only small electric currents. But often we need them to drive bigger pieces of apparatus that use bigger currents. Relays bridge the gap, making it possible for small currents to activate larger ones. That means relays can work either as switches (turning things on and off) or as amplifiers (converting small currents into larger ones).
Now Comes To ULN2003
ULN2003 is a relay driver IC consisting of a darlington array. It is made up of seven open collector darlington pairs with common emitter. Moreover, ULN2003A has a capability of handling seven different relays simultaneously. A single darlington pair consists of two bipolar transistors and operates in the range of 500mA to 600mA current.