How to Build SMPS Transformer | Home Make 12V 10A Switching Power Supply

Introduction: How to Build SMPS Transformer | Home Make 12V 10A Switching Power Supply

About: Nice to meet you my friends. Visit my Youtube Channel for get more instructable My youtube channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/longtechnical

With the transformer from old computer PSU. I try to make 12V 10A ( SMPS ) at home. I use SprintLayout for make PCB and iron method for make PCB board. In this video you can see me windings the SMPS transformer

For easy make PCB you can download my gerber file below and upload to JLCPCB.COM for make PCB online

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1UjW-VHvbHSNWNfw00ue3HTzWt3pBR8py/view

Step 1: Design the PCB

I use SprintLayout one of Rusia electric software for design PCB and print it to calendar paper. I always use calendar paper for print PCB because it cheap and good quality

Step 2: Make a PCB by Iron (press) Method

The first we need to cut the PCB exactly the PCB we print on calendar paper. After that we use the iron press to the PCB about 5 minute at maximum temperature

Step 3: Complete Make PCB

We put the PCB into water about 5 minute. After that we take the paper out and put it to FeCl3 liquid for 15 minute or more...then put to water again and clean it.

Because make the PCB take alot of time so for easy you can make PCB online. I usualy make PCB online by upload the gerber file to JLCPCB.COM for get PCB only 2$ for 10PCB. All file of my project include gerber file below. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1UjW-VHvbHSNWNfw00ue3HTzWt3pBR8py/view

Step 4: Drill PCB and Solder Component

Make the hole for PCB and solder component. I had attach the layout picture you just put the component to exact position.

List of component below.Your can order online them from LCSC.COM

Fuse 5A https://bit.ly/2F8Gvmy

Capacitor 275/250V https://bit.ly/2P2vKad

AC filter https://bit.ly/2SIc6hE

Brigde diode RS507 https://bit.ly/2AHtLz4

Resistor 150K https://bit.ly/2JxTcWD

Cacpacitor 150uF/450V https://bit.ly/2ziFjXC

MF275 5D9 https://bit.ly/2P6KNiU

Resistor (27k )33K/2W https://bit.ly/2RwonVc

Mosfet 20N60 x2 https://bit.ly/2SCssst

Resistor 27ohm X2 https://bit.ly/2Rt2INF

Capacitor 224/100V https://bit.ly/2Om5S3Y

Diode UF4007 https://bit.ly/2yLNSek

Diode 1N4007 https://bit.ly/2zpXcno

Diode MBR20100 https://bit.ly/2F8HXp0

IR2153 https://bit.ly/2AHuwbo

Resistor 15K https://bit.ly/2EZwYhF

Capacitor 102 https://bit.ly/2QeOhN7

Capacitor 100uF/16V https://bit.ly/2PDOfkw

Capacitor 105/600V https://bit.ly/2yNRP1T

Resistor 4K7 https://bit.ly/2yM5CGv

Led 5mm https://bit.ly/2P31o7s

Resistor 2k2/2W https://bit.ly/2RwQNP0

Capacitor 2200uF/50V https://bit.ly/2AHcNkD

Choke and transformer heatsink we can take from old computer PSU

The Transfomer we need windings modify.

Step 5: Take Out the Old Wire From Transformer and Rewindings

Put the transformer to hot water in 5 minute. after that we can get the ferrite core. windings the transformer we use 0.4mm wire with primary 40T and secondary 5T for get 12V output. At the output with big current we use 6 wire together. Each layer must to use insulation tape

Step 6: Solder Transformer and First Test

Solder the transformer and test the circuit. In the first test we must connect with 60w/220v light bulb before plug to 220V. If the circuit fail the light bulb will on and we safety

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    23 Discussions

    1
    cabronete
    cabronete

    1 year ago

    Hi, I would like to know if this source would work
    with 110 VAC input or if you have to make some modification.
    Thank you

    110.PNG
    0
    dalip1235
    dalip1235

    Reply 5 months ago

    Is this the circuit of this supply? Please answer🙏🙏

    0
    dalip1235
    dalip1235

    5 months ago

    Please circuit

    0
    SirWaldy
    SirWaldy

    1 year ago

    Your project looks good, I have no problem with it.
    It isn't regulated though (Just an observation, not a problem). It is still good as a proof of concept project though.

    0
    antonio ivanf
    antonio ivanf

    Question 1 year ago

    Hola, hice la fuente pero cambié la relación de espiras en secundario (16+16T) , ya que necesitaba 90Vdc, pero solo obtuve 54Vdc.
    Creo que debía haber hecho 40+40T?
    Por otro lado, en el pin 5 y 7 del IC que tensiones debo medir? En ambas iguales?

    0
    AnkushN5
    AnkushN5

    Question 1 year ago

    Hi , I want to make a amps so I don't know about layout pls tell me

    2
    ehsanbygi
    ehsanbygi

    1 year ago

    Hi, I have a question
    What is the voltage of the circuit?

    0
    dimitris_k
    dimitris_k

    1 year ago

    Hi and good day. Very interesting and unique topology as i see on your schematic. Looks like a common half bridge but uses one high voltage capacitor and not two as usual. I want to change your circuit to form a 20V 6A smps (EE35 from old but working...250W ATX supply). Can i use the half bridge equations (factor of 0.5 X forward results) to calculate winding turns or use the forward topology ones as is. Thank you anyway.

    0
    JohnC430
    JohnC430

    2 years ago

    Heyyyy!!! thats a great idea to print the pcb on Calendar paper. and also to cook the old transformer to remove the glue etc. Thanks for sharing.

    0
    throbscottle
    throbscottle

    2 years ago

    Is it your own design of SMPS?

    Can you supply a schematic please? It would be good see how it works and not just follow a construction guide.

    I have a box of old ferrite core transformers I wanted to open, thank you for showing the method!

    0
    JohnC430
    JohnC430

    Reply 2 years ago

    schematic is above in one of his posts

    0
    LongTechnical
    LongTechnical

    Reply 2 years ago

    Sorry for the late reply. This is design of SMPS. I use IC IR2153 with R=15k and C= 1n it run at 47kHZ. Schematic below

    12v15a.png
    0
    DV11
    DV11

    2 years ago

    Schematic?

    0
    JohnC430
    JohnC430

    Reply 2 years ago

    Thanks

    0
    Razanur
    Razanur

    2 years ago

    Nice instructables. I'm really missing the part on how you came up with the schematic (and the schematic itself). You had a design target, how did you achieve it. There are really good I instructables on toner transfer etc, so you can just link to them. What makes this ible unique is the purpose of the electronics. That's at least why I came here - I wanted instructions on how to translate the design target (12V, 10A) into a circuit.

    0
    JohnC430
    JohnC430

    Reply 2 years ago

    The title of the instructible is "

    HOW TO BUILD SMPS TRANSFORMER"

    so you were expecting more than that? there are plenty of 12V/10A p/s designs in YouTube.

    (sorry for the large CAPS font; i merely copied and pasted the title)

    0
    mrtalgo
    mrtalgo

    2 years ago

    Good project! I like the ferrit/bobin extraction.

    You can add a schematic diagram for reference.

    0
    LongTechnical
    LongTechnical

    Reply 2 years ago

    Thank you. The schematic here

    12v15a.png