How to Interpret Diabetic Lab Results (diabetes Made Simple)

Introduction: How to Interpret Diabetic Lab Results (diabetes Made Simple)

This is not your typical instructable as it doesn't show you how to make something or fix something. Instead, this instructable is designed to inform people who may not have a firm understanding on the following material. Type two Diabetes (adult onset diabetes) is becoming a national crisis. Becoming an informed patient empowers you to be able to control your condition and ultimately decrease the incidence of complications from long standing high blood sugar. The first step in becoming an informed diabetic, is to understand what having diabetes entails. Understanding a medical condition can be difficult for some unless it is presented in such a way that is more accessible to everyone. The goal of this instructable is to inform diabetics, and those around them, about the various aspects of their condition.

Step 1: Symptoms

You may suspect that you may have type 2 diabetes if you have:

· Polydipsia ( increased thirst)

· Polyuria ( frequent urination)

· Fatigue aka being tired

· Polyphagia ( increased appetite)

· Unexplained weight loss

· Delayed healing

· Sudden blurred vision

· Certain infections such as yeast or fungal infections

Step 2: Risk Factors

Some of the risk factors for having type 2 diabetes include:

· Family history

· Obesity

· Having had gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant)

· Polycystic ovary disease

· Age greater than 45 years old.

Step 3: Criteria for Diagnosis

Criteria for diagnosis:

· A hemoglobin A1C of greater of equal to 6.5%

· Fasting plasma glucose greater or equal to 126 mg/dL

· A two hour plasma glucose greater than 200 mg/dL during the oral glucose tolerance test.

· In a patient displaying symptoms with a glucose of over 200 mg/dL

Step 4: What This Means to You

Hemoglobin is the protein in red blood cells used to transport oxygen. Glycosylated hemoglobin is basically hemoglobin that has attached sugar chains; this is an indicator of chronic high blood sugar. The higher the blood sugar, the higher your chances of experiencing side effects and complications in time. It is important to get diagnosed if you have a family history because it could be years before you display symptoms after becoming diabetic.

Step 5: Oh No, I Have Type 2 Diabetes, What Do I Do?

Be sure to have a medical diabetic visit every 3-6 months which include:

· Weight check

· Blood pressure reading

· Foot examination with a 10 gram monofilament

· Hemoglobin A1C test.

Step 6: Yearly Testing

Yearly testing should include:

· A lipid panel, which includes total cholesterol, triglycerides and high and low density lipoproteins.

· A yearly urine check for micro albumin (protein in the urine).

· Serum creatinine (addresses kidney function)

· Dilated retinal eye exam

· Dental exam for periodontal disease.

Step 7: Treatment

That should be decided by you and your health care provider as there are a large variety of strategies. Also an evaluation by a diabetic nurse educator to aid in establishing practical strategies to ensure blood sugar control is strongly recommended.

Step 8: One Last Thing.

If you have any questions please do not hesitate to ask. Also if you appreciate this instructable and would like a simplified explanation of some other condition please let me know.

Be the First to Share


    • Big and Small Contest

      Big and Small Contest
    • For the Home Contest

      For the Home Contest
    • Make It Bridge

      Make It Bridge



    8 years ago on Step 8

    Thank you very much! I was diagnosed less than a year ago, and have gotten my weight down and blood sugars under control. I looked all over the internet for information about type II, but never thought to look at Instructables!

    Armeria Garcia
    Armeria Garcia

    Reply 8 years ago

    You are very welcome! Also thanks for the comment. The point of this instructible was to get info out there and to see how many people I could reach with it. Good job getting everything under control.


    8 years ago on Introduction

    Good info, but there is a little clarification to do. All the symptoms, risk factor etc. are the same for every type of diabetes, not only for type 2. The only difference is in the treatment, type 1 requires insuline while type 2 require or insuline. I know because I became type 1 diabetic in april even if I'm 30 year old.

    Armeria Garcia
    Armeria Garcia

    Reply 8 years ago

    Thanks. I wanted to focus on type 2 due to its recent prevalence but thank you for adding the extra information.


    8 years ago on Introduction

    Good info, and technically it is a "how-to." Thanks for sharing this!