Simple Audio Amplifier Using Single Transistor

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Introduction: Simple Audio Amplifier Using Single Transistor

About: HI! I am Junez Riyaz, currently doing Bachelor of Technology in the field of Electronics and Communication Engineering. I am much interested in inventing something new yet from my childhood. In my leisure time…

Audio Amplifier is a device which strengthen the weak signal. Usually in audio systems we use amplifiers to drive the speakers of high power rating .

Now , in this Instructables you are going to see how to make an audio amplifier using single transistor to drive the speaker of 10W .

For more information checkout my website Electronics Projects Hub

Step 1: Components Required

Transistor – 2N6292 x1 [ Aliexpress ]

Resistor – 2.2k x1 [ Banggood ]

Capacitor – 22uF x1 [ Banggood ]

3.5mm Jack x1 [ Banggood ]

Speaker x1 [ Banggood ]

Breadboard x1 [ Banggood ]

Step 2: Circuiting

Pin Configuration of 2N6292

PIN1 - Base | PIN2 - Collector | PIN3 - Emitter

Circuting :

  1. First place transistor on breadboard .
  2. Insert resistor at pin 1 and 2 of transistor .
  3. Insert positive terminal of capacitor at pin1 of transistor .
  4. Insert one wire of 3.5 mm jack at negative terminal of capacitor.
  5. Insert remain wire of 3.5 mm jack at pin3.
  6. Insert one wire of speaker at pin2 .
  7. Connect remain wire of speaker to +5v supply .
  8. Connect ground of power supply to pin3 .

Plug the 3.5 mm jack to any audio playing device and enjoy the sound.

If have any doubts you can check the breadboard traces.

Download the circuit attached .

Step 3: Circuit Construction and Testing

Feel free to comment.

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Audio Contest 2017

Participated in the
Audio Contest 2017

1 Person Made This Project!

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20 Discussions

0
dharmeshvora776655
dharmeshvora776655

2 months ago

I have 8 ohm and 10watt speaker can I use the above method to amplify it

0
richard a stephens
richard a stephens

Question 7 months ago

where do you get a 5 volt battery at never seen one they don't exist

0
Shei Pi
Shei Pi

Answer 7 months ago

It's not necessarily a 5V battery (though I think they manufacture li-ion ones). It's a 5V DC (like a mobile usb charger) will do the trick.

0
blinux28
blinux28

1 year ago on Step 2

I'm speaking spanish so writing question is spanish language.
¿Cuanto corriente consume ese transistor ya que si lo alimento con 5V del puerto USB de PC se podria quemar o dañar el puerto USB ?

0
Shei Pi
Shei Pi

Reply 7 months ago

Hola, no, no se te va a quemar el puerto usb. A lo sumo lo que pasaria es que intentas sacarle mas corriente de la que te puede entregar, eso hace que caiga la tension y no se polarice mas el transistor y el ampli deje de andar.
Son 10W lo que supuestamente entrega. Haciendo un calculo MUY grosero, son 2A. Es un poco mas por que la eficiencia no es del 100%, pero digamos que es lo minimo que deberia entregar al menos el puerto USB. Si te fijas, la especificacion de un puerto de laptop usb entrega maximo 1.5 A, asi que no te va a servir. Deberias conseguir un cargador USB rapido que pueda entregar mas corriente, o modificar la ganancia tocando las resistencias para entregar menos potencia.
10 W RMS es una potencia mas que interesante para un par de parlantes de PC. Seguro podes bajarla a 5W y te va a rendir igual.

0
ivenn20
ivenn20

1 year ago

Hey, what happens if I use a speaker with a lower wattage (0.5 W)?

0
Cheesey125
Cheesey125

Reply 9 months ago

IN my experience, it would work fine.

0
vernkle
vernkle

1 year ago

The transistor is rated for 70v. Could I safely use 70v? If not how high of a voltage could I use to reach the full potential of the transistor?

0
Cheesey125
Cheesey125

Reply 9 months ago

it'd kill your speakers and your capacitor and your resistor, but... well, yeah.

0
MuhammadF295
MuhammadF295

1 year ago

I made it working Perfect.. But Transistor heat up even when not connected to playback device,, and continues take load of 1.5Amp from supply, because gate is open with 2k resistor, tell me solution plz.. Thanks
0
summitsingh407
summitsingh407

Reply 1 year ago

Use 33K ohm resistor..

2
SerhiiB1
SerhiiB1

1 year ago

Hi, nice circuit, it is simple indeed, but the constant current always flows through the speaker and it is not good, it may kill the speaker, better to add a capacitor like in this video:

0
ChhoteyL
ChhoteyL

Question 2 years ago

How many watt does this speaker have

0
aidan333
aidan333

Answer 1 year ago

10 Watts

0
sohrabA5
sohrabA5

2 years ago

Hello I am trying this circuit, If any objections pls let me know

0
NaifY
NaifY

Question 2 years ago on Introduction

What is actually happening in the circuit? What's the role of each component in the circuit?Explanation please !

0
DerrickA4mag.
DerrickA4mag.

3 years ago

The 5 volt power supply is shown, in the form of a battery, on the far right of the diagram. It's labeled as V1. The positive terminal (+) connects to the speaker. While the drawing is adequate for those familiar with schematic diagrams, this circuit is aimed at a broad audience, where good labeling would be helpful. Note:Though this circuit is wonderfully easy to build, it will drain noticeably more power than modern IC type amplifier designs. Great for learning and demonstrations, but not long term, every day use.

0
Frameworks101
Frameworks101

3 years ago

Indeed, missing some important information. As Keifd also pointed out; the power supply is important and should be pointed out, or at least been shown in the schematic. Cool thought, transistor amplification is kinda a missed topic these days, due to the (also awesome) op-amp IC's. But some basic, and very interesting, information regarding how transistors work would be a nice addition.

0
KeifD
KeifD

3 years ago

You failed to show the power supply.
From the example you made it looks like it is powered by only the phone jack, which is wrong. Plus in your parts list it doesnt show anthing about power suppy. Missing important info!

0
Anshu AR
Anshu AR

3 years ago

Nice!
I've been playing around with transistors for a while.
This one is fun!