## Introduction: Thermistor With Arduino to Measure Temperature

It is an easy way to measure the exact temperature with a thermistor.

## Supplies

Hardware Components

NTC thermistor 10k

Arduino UNO & Genuino UNO

Resistor 10k ohm

LCD - 16x2

Connecting wires

Software Components

Arduino IDE

Thermistor The important segment in this circuit is Thermistor, which has been utilized to recognize the rise in temperature. The thermistor is temperature sensitive resistor, whose resistance modifies as per the temperature. There are two different types of thermistor NTC and PTC, we have used as an NTC type thermistor.

NTC thermistor is a resistor whose resistance diminishes as arise in temperature while in PTC it will improve the resistance as arise in temperature.

Calculating Temperature using Thermistor

Vout= (Vin * Rt) / (R + Rt)

Rt value will be:

Rt = R (Vin/Vout) – 1

Here, Rt will be the resistance of the thermistor and the value of R is 10k ohm. Calculation of Temperature from the thermistor resistance

T = 1 / (A + Bln(Rt) + Cln (Rt)3 ) Where, A, B and C are the constants, So, for estimating the temperature we require the value of thermistor resistance only.

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## Step 2: Run a Program

#include #include "LiquidCrystal.h" LiquidCrystal lcd(44,46,40,52,50,48); float A = 1.009249522e-03, B = 2.378405444e-04, C = 2.019202697e-07; float T,logRt,Tf,Tc; float Thermistor(int Vo) { logRt = log(10000.0*((1024.0/Vo-1))); T = (1.0 / (A + B*logRt + C*logRt*logRt*logRt)); // We get the temperature value in Kelvin from this Stein-Hart equation Tc = T - 273.15; // Convert Kelvin to Celcius Tf = (Tc * 1.8) + 32.0; // Convert Kelvin to Fahrenheit return T; } void setup(){ lcd.begin(16,2); lcd.clear(); } void loop() { lcd.setCursor(0,0); lcd.print("Temp:"); lcd.print((Thermistor(analogRead(0)))); lcd.print("k "); lcd.setCursor(0,1); lcd.print((Tc)); lcd.print(" C ;"); lcd.setCursor(9,1); lcd.print((Tf)); lcd.print(" F"); delay(800); }