Bring New Life to an Old Laptop With Ubuntu!

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About: Hello! I tend to make instructables about simple life hacks, and misc. technology projects. Sometimes, if I find a great recipe, I will post it. Subscribe if these are interesting subjects!

Intro: Bring New Life to an Old Laptop With Ubuntu!

1.7 GHz processor. 512 MB of RAM. 40 GB hard drive. If you know about computers, that sounds like the specs of a tablet or a netbook computer. However, this is from a Dell Latitude D600. Back in the day, this was a top of the line laptop. Thin and light, it was new technology. That was 7 years ago.

This was given to me by my dad; it was an old computer that had been sitting in a drawer for a few years. I tried running Windows, but it was too slow. Then I remembered Linux.

This Instructable will be showing how to put Ubuntu, a form of open sourced Linux, as the main OS on a laptop that desperately needs rebirth.

The recommended minimum system requirements are:
-1 GHz x86 processor
-1GB of RAM (It works with 512 MB though, although it is a little slow)
-15GB of hard-drive space
-Graphics card and monitor capable of 1024 by 768
-Either a CD/DVD Drive or a USB port
If you are missing some parts see step 7.

(By the way, it is either pronounced u-bun-too or oo-boon-too)

*Please note that some of the pictures are from Ubuntu 10.04 Lucid Lynx, not the latest 10.10 Maverick Meerkat. However, there are not many changes, and it will still work.

Step 1: Why Ubuntu?

A brief explanation:

Ubuntu is a free, open source Linux operating system. It is named after South African ethnic concept meaning "humanity towards others". Based on a quick search, I found out that an estimated 12 million people are using Ubuntu worldwide.

Why Ubuntu?

1) it's free! No strings attached. Also, almost all applications (thousands) are free too (I have not found one that you have to pay for yet). For example, it comes pre-installed with Firefox, but I prefer Google Chrome, so I installed it.
2) No viruses! There is no need for ant-virus software, as viruses aren't typically designed to run on Linux. If you download one, it will just stay in your computer and do nothing.
3) It is open sourced! If you want to design your own app, or modify a key part of your system, you can.
4) It is fast! Even on my laptop booting takes only a couple of seconds.
5) It looks pretty! It has a really nice appearance, and almost everything is customizable.

If you are still not convinced, or want more information, go check out their website at www.ubuntu.com

Step 2: Downloading

First of all, you need to go to Ubuntu's website. Download the latest 10.10, 32-bit version of Ubuntu. You download it to a place you will remember, like the desktop. It is necessary to burn it as an ISO image to work. You can use various programs; I used Roxio, but Ubuntu recommends InfraRecorder, probably because it is free. Hereis the link for the download. However, feel free to use whichever you want.

Please burn the newly created file onto a CD, DVD, or USB.

Step 3: Testing the System

To start Ubuntu, enter the BIOS. (F2) Select boot order. If you saved to a CD/DVD, move  Diskette Drive to the top of the boot order. If you saved to a USB, move USB storage device to the top of the boot order.

It should bring you to a menu where you can choose your language, and chose to either try Ubuntu, or install it. For right now, let’s just choose Try Ubuntu. When it has loaded, try doing some basic functions.

Open some programs, like Open Office (The free version of a word processor) Firefox, Rhythmbox (a music player) or other applications. See if you like it, as this will be your operating system. If you want more programs, you can download them either through the Ubuntu Software Center, or online. However, only some programs have a Linux version. After all, it's just more programming for them.

 

Step 4: Do You Like It?

Now's the time where you decide whether or not this operating system is right for you. If it is, reboot you computer (top right corner) and restart the computer. You are going to want to go into the BIOS again, and boot from your device.

This time you will select Install Ubuntu. Make sure all of the requirements are met, then press Forward. Install over the previous disk if you don't care about Windows :) If you want to dual boot, either select Install alongside other operating systems or specify partitions manually (advanced). I have not yet tried this, so you might want to consult somebody on the Ubuntu Forums.

Don't forget to change the BIOS back to normal when you are done or it will always boot from the USB or CD.

Step 5: Stickers!

I didn't really like having a laptop that runs Linux advertize Windows XP. I decided to go on the internet and print out stickers to replace them. To get the previous ones off, use a sharp fingernail or maybe a razor blade. to get the reside off, some soap and water will do just fine. For the images, you can do a quick search on "Ubuntu Stickers".

Does anyone have an idea about how to cover the DELL in the front? I thought about a sticker but I still would like my laptop to look sleek. Please comment below if any ideas come to you.

Step 6: Favorite Programs

Ubuntu comes pre-installed with many programs, including OpenOffice, Firefox, an email program (I cannot remember which specific one as I have many installed), a music player, games, accessories, and much more! However, if you are like me, you want to get the most out of your OS. Here are some of my favorite applications to do so.

A cool application that was shown earlier was called Avant Window Navigator, or AWN for short. It is a sidebar that you can pin various things to, like shortcuts, search bars, local weather, and much more. Here is a direct download link.

Themes, icons, buttons and wallpapers are completely customizable in Ubuntu. To change them go to System-> Preferences-> Appearance. You can download some more at art.gnome.org. I once had a Mac look-alike theme, in an Ubuntu OS, on a dell computer. I really confused some people!

GIMP Image Editor is also a great program. It is similar to Photoshop CS, but free. It might come automatically with the Ubuntu however. Here is the link if it doesn't.

When I was learning basic JavaScript in XHTML, I used a program called BlueFish Editor. It is similar to Notepad ++ in Windows, but it has some of the tags available across the top. It is available through the Ubuntu Software Center. It does not come pre-installed.

Also, I prefer Google Chrome over Firefox. I am not sure why, I just do. You can download it here. It automatically detects your operating system and chooses the right version for you. Pretty cool, huh!

When you download Ubuntu, you get 2 free GB of online (Cloud) storage with Ubuntu One. It is a neat program, and if you need more storage space, you can always purchase more. 

If you have any favorite programs, mention it in a comment with a few reasons why and it might get added here!

Step 7: Computer Not Powerful Enough?

If you have a really old computer, there are other Linux alternatives.
I had a slideshow of this computer up a while ago and I got some comments about Ubuntu alternatives. I did not change because I didn't want to go through the whole process again.

Here they are:

mrmath recommended Xubuntu.
wirah and Computothought recommended Lubuntu
ron2470 recommended Linux Mint
absolutekold recommends Damn Small Linux
EdurusFas recommends  Wary 5.2

Thanks guys/girls/robots!

I do not have experience in these programs so you might want to seek help either on the Ubuntu Forums, Instructable Forums, or the Instructable Answers.







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    52 Discussions

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    techboy411

    3 years ago on Introduction

    I have this SAME Latitude, exept with a 1.3-ish GHz chip and 20GB HDD!! Runs XP, but it's still a runner!

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    NayabW

    3 years ago on Step 5

    You could use a sheet of cardstock to create a linux penguin logo

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    SgtJellyfish

    6 years ago on Introduction

    we still use them at school, but i dont because my class is a laptop class and we have latitude E5400s. but then the next computer class got better than us :( (still latitudes though).

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    denona

    7 years ago on Introduction

    for the dell thing if it does not pop out higher then the rest for the front of the lap top you could cover it with car body filler and sand it down smooth.

    3 replies
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    jimvandammedenona

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    It's just fast-setting epoxy with a lot of talc powder filler so it's easy to sand down. If you don't want to buy a whole can of body filler just use a glob of epoxy.

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    jimvandammebfloobis

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    Since there are over 300 Linux distros, you should find one that works and that you like. I tried a few on an old laptop (256M memory) and really like Puppy. Also there's a good list at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lightweight_Linux_distribution
    A 4GB hard drive is plenty big enough for your OS and apps, but you won't have a lot of room for data. If you have a USB port get a thumb drive and keep stuff on that.

    ok i need to know ifthis os can play games with ease cus from what your telling me is that this is faster then windows right? but i dont want my custom comp to use a os that cant handel games like gmod/garrys mod team fotress2 and stuff like that cus i need to save all the ram i can and stuf so can you tell me is this os any good for playing steam games or games in genral? cus im a avid gamer i want the best of everything like speed ram and other stuff so can you awnswer this question plz .................... o and can you post a tut on how to put unbunto on to a comp thats areldy running windows??? it will be a big help thanks plz awnswere i know my spelling sucks kinda but im too lazy to spell check so thx

    5 replies

    it is possible to run Windows software in linux using a program called Wine...it is a compatability layer that allows Windows apps to run. Many games and such will work with it, but it can take a lot of tweaking to get more complex software to run. I just got Ubuntu reinstalled on my system, and will probably get to messing with it again as I'd like to be able to play Rift linux side without having to reboot into Win7. Here's a link for anyone interested: http://www.winehq.org/ :)

    linux is a completely different operating system, so any windows games like gmod will not run on it anyway, however it is possible to play games or use windows programmes through wine, although it most likely wont be as smooth or as bug free an exprience as runnig on the platform it was made for. that said i have been a solid linux user for several years now and in day to day use it consistently outperforms windows in both speed and resource usage and has many major advantages in security and support, if your new to linux i suggest trying a distro like pinguy os that has everything youll need pre-packaged as a live usb, then if you like it install it alongside windows with Grub or something

    From what i know, Ubuntu is more lightweight, but I am not sure if it is worth the trouble, unless your Windows OS is dragged down by many programs and anti-virus software. To install both, you probably need to partition your drive, as well as set up your boot loader and drivers.

    Ubuntu wasn't really designed as a gaming system, but if you wanted to, you probaby could get to work. There wouldn't be many advantages, so it might not be worth it.

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    kelseymh

    7 years ago on Introduction

    Back in the day, I had a Dell laptop: a 100 MHz 80486 processor with 128 MB of RAM, and a touchpad. I installed Slackware Linux on it, and used it for over a decade (from 1990 to 2001), including doing all of my data analysis and writing my Ph.D. thesis on it (in LaTeX). I used the FVWM window manager. I had AFS installed, so I had complete access to all of my data at work, across my dial-up (PPPoE) ISP connection.

    It served me perfectly well until the Kapton ribbon cable between the base and the LCD finally broke (the hinges had broken a few years previously, and I used a lovely amethyst geode to hold up the screen).

    Today, user-level installations of Linux have gotten almost as bloated as Windoze (1 GB of RAM, 15 GB of disk?!?), but you can still have an extremely servicable Linux installation on a small system, as long as you're not lazy enough to demand all the bells and whistles. There are fully functional Linuces for embedded systems.

    From all that I've read (including your I'ble), Ubuntu is an excellent installation choice for users who are not, and don't want to become, system administrators. Which distribution of Linux someone chooses is pretty much a religious choice, dependent upon how comfortable they are with getting their hands covered with bodily fluids :-)

    1 reply
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    absolutekoldkelseymh

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    Another good one is Damn Small Linux.. I had that on an old 512M thumb drive with a virtual machine for use on computers at college or direct boot on the old ibm laptop (500mhz 256ram) i had laying around (screen got shot with airsoft so it became my desktop). it was nice to be able to take my whole desktop with me wherever i went, it was better cause i could use that to stealth out to my home server and roam the internets without the college being the wiser (some IT professors really hate encrypted ssh tunnels). Ubuntu is not the best for older hardware (although it is still more forgiving than windows) Xbuntu has a far smaller footprint with all the "relative" ease of use. The only difference is the XFCE desktop with none of the shiny and all of the functionality. or going back to Debian (what ubuntu is built from) allows you to build a small conservative system with only marginally more gore. Admittedly 1.7ghz and 512M isn't very old by linux standards if you see some of the stuff still supported. Iup till about a year ago i still had a sun E3000 server with 6 250hmz cores and 6gigs of ram as my mail/web/ftp server running debian stable.. that was a nightmare to set up and @ near 2000 watts under load got to be too expensive to keep running. now it's a coffee table.