DIY Variable Power Supply With Adjustable Voltage and Current

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Introduction: DIY Variable Power Supply With Adjustable Voltage and Current

About: Hey Guys, My name is Surajit Majumdar. I'm from India. now I'm 19 years old, studying at college. Making diy project its my hobby ,passion and I love making awesome diy project from scratch, I had started DIY …

Hey Guyz, This time I'm making a variable bench power supply.This is the most useful equipment for a hobbyist and DIY maker cause while making or testing circuits, it needs different values of voltage and current. That's why every DIY maker must have their own bench power supply. Now I'm going to show you how to build an awesome variable bench power supply. So take your tools and let's get started :)

If you like this project then please do vote for me :)

I'm using here LTC3780 DC adjustable buck and boost converter. which is an amazing module. It can deliver DC (1-30V) and up to 10A current depends on your input power source, in my case I'm using DC 12V 3A input power source. I easily get continuously adjustable output voltage (1-30V) and current (0-6A), which is pretty enough for circuit testing and other things.I'm also using 7805 voltage regulator IC for 5V constant voltage and current.

This Power Supply Has Following Features:

  • Input Voltage 12V DC.
  • Input Current 3A.
  • Output Voltage (1-30V) Continuously Adjustable.
  • Output Current (300mA-6A) Continuously Adjustable.
  • Output ripple 50mV.
  • Constant Voltage And Constant Current.
  • Aditional 5V Constant Output.
  • Short Circuit Projection.

Here's The Complete Tutorial And Demonstration Video.

Step 1: The Parts List

We need these following parts to build the power supply. I bought some from online and some from the local store.

Parts List:

  • LTC3780 DC Adjustable Converter
  • Digital Voltmeter Ammeter Display
  • 500k & 200k Linear Potentiometer
  • 12V DC Fan
  • 7805 IC For 5V
  • 12V 3A Adapter
  • 100uF & 10uF Capacitor
  • 1N4001/1N4007 Rectifier Diode
  • Banana Socket 4ps
  • Knob 2ps
  • DC Switch
  • 2.1mm DC Jack Connect
  • Wires
  • HeatSink
  • Wooden Blocks
  • PCB Board
  • 4mm Acrylic Sheet

Tools List:

  • Glue Gun
  • SuperGlue
  • Sandpaper
  • Mini Handsaw
  • Soldering Iron
  • Masking Tape
  • Drill Machine
  • Rotary Tool
  • Spray paint

Step 2: Cutting the Acrylic Sheet

I'm using here acrylic sheet to making the enclosure of my power supply. This is an amazing material cause it is easy to cut, bend and sand. it's also so affordable. You can use the acrylic sheet to make your own power supply. So let's get started.

  • First, take a measurement of acrylic sheet.
  • Cut the acrylic sheets according to the marking.
  • Place the voltmeter display and mark it.
  • Next cut the marked section with a rotary tool and metal file.
  • Again mark the areas for air passing
  • Cut the marked area using a mini hacksaw.
  • Take the measurements of dc socket, dc switch and dc fan, then mark it.
  • Drill the holes and smooth the edges with a metal file.

Step 3: Sanding the Pieces

First, remove the paper cover of the acrylic sheets. Then sand the acrylic sheets until getting a smooth flat surface.

Step 4: Attaching the Pieces

We'll start off by applying super glue on the edges of upper and lower panels. Next, attach the side panels to each panel.

Step 5: Painting the Pieces

I decided to paint the upper and lower encloser of my power supply. I choose matt black colour for my power supply.

Step 6: Attach Extra Pieces

We need some extra pieces for mounting screw. Now take four same size pieces and attach these pieces using super glue.

Step 7: Attaching Front and Back Panel

First, apply a great amount of superglue on the edges of the front panel. next, quickly position it to the lower encloser, then hold it for a couple of minutes. Use this same method to attach the back panel.

Step 8: Mounting Components

In this Step, we'll mount every component. First, we'll start off by mounting dc switch. Then we'll use the screw to mount the dc fan. Then we'll mount other components respectively.

Step 9: Mounting the Heat Sink

It's necessary to reduce the temperature of the power supply. So we need a heatsink and a cooling fan. Though LTC3780 dc converter has an inbuilt heatsink and this converter doesn't heat up. You can skip the additional heatsink. I'm here additional heatsink for better efficiency.

  • First drill holes on the wooden block
  • Use the screw to attach the heatsink to the wooden block.
  • Now apply hot glue on the wooden block.
  • Attach the wooden block to the enclosure.

Step 10: Removing the Inbuilt Potentiometer

In this step, we're going to replace the inbuilt potentiometer of LTC3780 with the linear potentiometer.

  • First, remove the inbuilt 500k and 200k trimmer potentiometer using soldering iron.
  • Now solder wires to solder joint of the trimmer potentiometer.
  • Solder those wires to new 500k and 200k linear potentiometer.

Note: When removing the trimmer potentiometer make sure that you don't heat the board too much. it could damage the dc converter.

Step 11: Making the 5V Converter

I'm using here 7805 IC for addition 5v constant output. First, solder the components then Add a heat sink to reduce the heat.

Step 12: Wiring Diagram

This is the complete circuit diagram of this power supply. You've to connect every component according to this circuit diagram.

Step 13: Final Wiring

In this step, we'll solder every component according to the circuit diagram. After soldering every component, i tied all the wires with zip ties.

Step 14: Final Asembly

Now Attach the upper enclosure with screws. Finally, we're done now. Plug the dc jack and the power supply ready provide (0-30)V and Up to 6A Output Current.

Thanks for watching this instructable. If you like this project then please do vote for me. I really need your vote and I know that you will do it.

Box Contest 2017

Runner Up in the
Box Contest 2017

Plastics Contest

Participated in the
Plastics Contest

3 People Made This Project!

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76 Discussions

2
terenceohern
terenceohern

Question 6 months ago on Step 12

HI nice power supply, I followed instructions, however I've been unable to get the current to be adjustable. Any suggestion?

0
Swami7233
Swami7233

Answer 5 months ago

Yes that's true I'm also not able to adjust current, do you able to find some solution?

0
AlexCebanu
AlexCebanu

Reply 4 weeks ago

Try to short the output, in this way you can see the current displayed, after all you can adjust the current.

0
Anzar277
Anzar277

5 months ago

Hi! I loved your work. Can this be used for charging electronic gadgets?

0
--jacknick--
--jacknick--

5 months ago

Hi, first of all thank you for your proyect. Seeing the parts list, there are 2 potentiometers, 500k and 200k. But in the pictures I see that you use 2 b10k potentiometers. Can I use that 2 b10k potentiometers anyway, or have to be the 200k and 500k?. Another thing, the Short Circuit Protection turns off the power or it continues working normally like a commercial power supply?. Many thanks in advance.

0
laoadam
laoadam

1 year ago

Hi, nice job. watched the video, seems when you change the voltage, the current vary meanwhile, and vice versa. can make the V and I vary independently?
Thanks

0
terezkaterka
terezkaterka

Reply 10 months ago

Nemôžeš nikdy nastavovať napätia aj prúd nezávisle od seba. Ohmov zákon.

0
terezkaterka
terezkaterka

10 months ago on Step 14

V popise je asi chyba. Vstupný prúd 3 A a výstupný 6 A. Veľmi pekná práca. Vďaka.

0
Dhruv Gupta 003
Dhruv Gupta 003

Reply 1 year ago

It's just LM7805 Transistor IC

0
codebeat
codebeat

Question 1 year ago

Is it protected against shorts?

1
bullstreetboy
bullstreetboy

1 year ago



What a great project - many thanks for the ideas.

Make sure you get the 10Amp version of:- Digital Voltmeter Ammeter Display - anything more than 10 amps needs a shunt resistor and different wiring!!!!

Here is my version- rather fetching in matt black and matt white I think.

DC5-32V LTC3780 Power Supply Constant Voltage Step Up-Down Boost Module mounted on 8mm dowels to allow air flow under the board as well. Modern boards have their own heat sinks.

I chose to forget the DIY 5V regulator and fitted :-
DC/DC DC 12V/24V Step-down to DC 5V 5A 25W Power Buck Transformer.

I made the vent slots on the top cover very much narrower(band saw blade width) to prevent anything falling though.

IMG_1109.JPG
0
surajh7
surajh7

Question 1 year ago

which field are you doing your engineering

0
RAMANIM
RAMANIM

1 year ago

Thank you dear. I am the hobbyist in this field. Your valuable idea is very much useful to me. I want to purchase the LTC 3780 adjustable converter and Digital Volt & Ammeter Display ; where is it available. Kindly note down the address. After this construction I will be very happy.
Lovely yours
RAMANI KANDIYAN

0
gnvrvikram
gnvrvikram

Question 1 year ago

What changes are needed to control it using Arduino/any microcontroller?

0
Mostakim
Mostakim

1 year ago

Nice project!

0
Chasdug
Chasdug

2 years ago on Step 4

great project saved and on list to build thanks

0
Aca artolite
Aca artolite

Question 2 years ago on Step 11

Bro... Can u show the diagram converter 5 volt line...???

0
nigelcarr
nigelcarr

Question 2 years ago

Great project . just one question.. do you have the circuit diagam/components for the 5v converter please