Simple Bots: Walker




About: My name is Randy and I am a Community Manager in these here parts. In a previous life I had founded and run the Instructables Design Studio (RIP) @ Autodesk's Pier 9 Technology Center. I'm also the author ...

My goal with Walker Bot was to make a 4-legged walking bot that could be made in ten minutes. This bot ultimately took me three hours to make. That said, my goal wasn't to make one in ten minutes, but to make one that could be made in ten minutes. I am pretty confident that now that I know what I am doing, should I need to make a second one, I could do it in ten minutes. At the very least, you will be hard-pressed to make a simpler walking bot than this one. I would consider this project a glowing success.

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Step 1: Go Get Stuff

You will need:

(x2) Continuous rotation servos modified for direct drive**
(x1) 4 x AA battery holder
(x1) DPDT lever switch
(x1) telephone handset
(x2) CDs
(x2) 6" bolts
(x2) 5" bolts
(x4) bolts
(x4) bolt covers
(x2) thin 1" nut and bolt
(x1) a couple dozen assorted zip ties
(x1) print template (download below)

**Modify your servos for direct drive here

(Note that some of the links on this page are affiliate links. This does not change the price of any of the items for sale. However, I earn a small commission if you click on any of those links and buy anything. I reinvest this money into materials and tools for future projects. However, you are obviously free to source the items as you please.)

Step 2: Open It Up

Remove the covers from the telephone handset and pull out the speaker, microphone and jack. These should come right out.

Step 3: Drill

Drill 4 holes in each end of the telephone handset as pictured.

Essentially, you should drill the holes in such a way that they create a square on the backside of each opening.

Step 4: The First Motor

Starting on the side of the handset opposite where the jack was, pass the motor's wires through the body of the phone and out the hole created by removing the jack.

Insert the first motor into the handset opening that is on the opposite side of the jack, in such a way that the horn is facing inwards.

(The horn is the gear-like object attached to the servo shaft)

Step 5: The Second Motor

Pass the second motor's wires through the hole created by the jack and insert that motor into the end of the handset. Make certain that the horn for this motor is also facing inwards, as well.

Zip tie them both in place using the holes that you have drilled in Step 3.

Step 6: Switch

Zip tie the DPDT switch to the round mouthpiece opening, right above the hole created by removing the jack.

There should probably a small lip, upon which the switch can sit.

Make certain that the lever of the switch is pointing upwards (towards the gear on the motor).

Step 7: Template

If you have not done so already, download and print out the template file.

Cut out around the circumference of the two large circles.

Step 8: Cut the CDs

Tape the templates to the center of each CD.

For the two large outer holes, drill 1/4" holes (or whatever is appropriate for your 5" and 6" bolts).

For the four smaller inner holes, drill 1/8" holes (or whatever is appropriate for your thinnest zip ties).

On the one CD with the outer notch, cut this shape out of the CD using a pair of general-purpose scissors.

Step 9: Battery Holder

Drill two 1/8" holes into the center of the handset such that they line up with the mounting holes of your AA battery holder.

Bolt the battery holder onto the handset with your pair of 1" nuts and bolts.

Step 10: Wire It Up

Solder the red and black wires from the battery holder to each of the center terminals of the DPDT switch.

Solder two short wires such that an "X" is formed between the outer terminals of the switch. Basically, the back left would be connected to the front right and the front left to the back right. This causes power to be applied backwards when the switch is flipped.

Solder together the red wire from motor 1 with the black wire from motor 2 and the black from motor 1 with the red from motor 2 (which motor is designated to be which is unimportant).

Lastly, solder the red and black wire pairs to either set of outer terminals. For instance, solder one pair to the back left terminal and the other pair to the back right terminal.

If all of this sounds really confusing, just check the wiring diagram below.

Step 11: Attach CDs

If necessary, make or widen holes in the servo horn with a 1/8" drill bit to accommodate the zip tie.

Zip tie the CDs to the motors in such a way that the motor is at the center of its rotation point and the two outer holes are perpendicular to the handset.

Also, keep in mind that the outer notch was cut to allow the switch lever to stick through.

Step 12: Bolt

Pass the shorter bolts through the notched CD, towards the body of the phone.

Pass the longer bolts through the other CD.

Fasten all of them in place with nuts.

Step 13: Bolt Covers

Cover all of the bolts with rubber bolt covers to give them a bit more traction.

Step 14: Power!

Center the CDs such that the bolts are perpendicular to the body of the phone.

Insert batteries, and then let it go.

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105 Discussions


Reply 1 year ago

Yes, combine two of them and you got a 6pin DPDT


Answer 1 year ago

Yes, as long as it has a sufficient gear ratio, one that generates enough torque, a continuous rotation servo modified for direct drive is just a normal geared dc motor.


Answer 1 year ago

Only if it is a geared motor. A standard DC motor does not have enough torque and spins too fast.


3 years ago

I know im a few years behind here but cool remains cool....and this is most certainly cool.....a very very simple and very clever idea.....a mechanical robot and not electronic ..I think you may be a genius....thank you.


4 years ago on Introduction

if i use dc motor instead of this motor?

it is right to do.

Because when you remove controller from motor it will move continuously and dc motor is also moves continuously.

1 reply

Reply 4 years ago on Introduction

It would have to be a geared DC motor. A DC motor by itself probably won't have enough torque.


4 years ago on Introduction

my dpdt lever swich has only 3 pins instead of 6 like yours ? is there any way i can still use it ? im doing this for my school project and im in a hurry....pls reply asap

Sai Sathvic

5 years ago on Introduction

hey admin how did u do the servos for direct drive can u explain me properly i can't understand the way wat u said?!


5 years ago on Introduction

Nice Robot, but I have a question regarding the servos motor.
I have modified it like said in the walkthrough, but my motor goes just one way, it doesn't go forth and back like it should? I haven't used a DPDT switch, because it is damn hard to find, so have just used a regular switch, is this the problem? I can get 2 SPDT switch, so maybe I have to try that...
Thanks in advance

1 reply

Reply 5 years ago on Introduction

I have now tried the 2 SPDT switches, and gotten the motor to go back and forth...but I have to press the switch every time I want to switch the way the motor goes. In the video the motor goes back and forth without pressing the switch, is that because of the switch I have used or have I done some other thing wrong?


6 years ago on Step 14

thank you for join it, now i am motivated for build it..

mahsa arian

6 years ago on Introduction

its so amazing
i follow your great idea. thanks for share it :-)


8 years ago on Step 14

awesome man...!! really..wrked..nd dat too on my first try..thnx..i ll remeber dis bot....forever !!