## Introduction: Card Counting and Ranging Bet Sizes in Black Jack

Blackjack is beatable if cards aren't shuffled every hand. Depending on the remaining cards, the advantage can swing to the player. This means you can keep track of the cards that have already been dealt, and then determine whether the cards remaining are more favorable to you or to the casino.

When there are a lot of 10s and Aces left in the deck, and fewer low cards, the deck favors the player. That’s mostly because blackjack becomes more likely, and the player gets paid a 50% bonus on every blackjack and also a dealer holding (12-16) will bust every time if the next card drawn is a 10.

Card counting allows players to bet more with less risk when the count gives an advantage as well as minimize losses during an unfavorable count. Card counting also provides the ability to alter playing decisions based on the composition of remaining cards.

The card counting technique I’m going to explain here is called Hi-Lo. It’s simple to learn, yet powerful enough to give you a fair estimation of remaining favorable cards.

## Step 1: Basic Strategy

Basic strategy is the mathematically correct way to play based only on your cards and the dealer’s up card. The basic strategy chart gives you the correct play for every possible situation at the blackjack table.

It will show you whether you should hit, stand, split, double, or surrender. You look across the top of the chart for the dealer’s up card, and along the left side for the hand that you hold.

Most people play at a 2-4% disadvantage to the house. By playing perfect basic strategy, you’ll be cutting down the casino’s edge to under 0.5%. It is the basic building block for winning at blackjack.

## Step 2: The Hi-Lo Strategy

Here’s how it works. Low cards, 2 through 6, are good when removed, and are assigned the value plus 1. High cards, 10s through Aces, are bad when removed, and are assigned the value negative 1.

The middle cards, 7, 8, and 9, are mostly neutral, and assigned the value of 0. You always want to start counting at the beginning of a shoe, starting with 0.

## Step 3: Counting Cards

Every time a card is layed down on the table, you add its value to maintain what is called a running count. You always want to start counting at the beginning of a shoe, starting with 0.

The 4 is a low card. Plus 1.

The 8 is worth 0, so the count stays at plus 1.

The 5 is worth 1, so the count goes to plus 2.

Another low card 3 brings us to plus 3.

9s are zero, we stay at plus 3.

An Ace is minus 1. The count drops to plus 2.

The 2 is worth 1 and brings us to plus 3.

The Jack is worth minus 1, so our running count goes down to plus 2.

4 takes it to Plus 3.

3 takes it to Plus 4.

King drops it to Plus 3.

So the Running Count is Plus 3

## Step 4: Determining True Count

First, we take the running count and divide it by the number of decks remaining.

We know what our running count is but how many decks remain? We can estimate how many decks remain by looking at the number of discards. Casinos use a 6-deck shoe, so take the number of decks you see in the discard tray, and subtract it from 6. That’s how many decks are remaining in the shoe.

Divide the running count by the number of decks remaining. This is called the true count.

## Step 5: Betting Unit

First, before you start play, you have to determine your betting unit. Then, when you have the advantage and the count’s favorable, you bet in multiples of your betting unit according to the count. Your bankroll is what you’re willing to invest in yourself as a blackjack player. Your betting unit should be 1/1000 of your total bankroll.

Raise or lower your unit as your bankroll changes. By constantly adjusting your betting unit,you will never go broke,and your bankroll will increase faster in the long run.

Your maximum bet should be at least 4 times your betting unit. Your maximum bet can be higher if it won’t get you kicked out of the casino. Never bet more than 1/4 of|the money you have on you on one round, because you always want to have enough money to be able to split and double down.

## Step 6: Optimal Betting

Subtract 1 from the true count to determine how many units to bet. Multiply the number of units to bet by your betting unit.

For Example, your betting unit is 100, running count is +10, true count is +5, then the optimal bet would be 4X100 which gives us 400.

Play two hands at a time on spots next to each other, and bet that amount per hand. If you’re the only player at the table, or if you can only play 1 hand, bet 25% more on one hand.

## Step 7: Practice Well

Here are a few practice drills

You should always carry a deck with you. Count down an entire deck. If you do it correctly, the count will come out to zero. Try determining if the last card is going to be low, middle, or hi. When you’re counting right, you’ll know what it is.

Deal cards on a table while keeping the count. Deal the cards out while saying the total of each hand. If you can get a friend to deal to you, there are some great drills you can do with a partner. Have a partner deal to you, as you try to play and count at the same time. Do the same thing, but this time have the dealer say the card values out loud.

The stress test, or the check-out. While your partner deals and tries to distract you, count down and play 3 full shoes. If you can get through all 3 shoes making less than 3 mistakes total, you’re ready to try your new skill.

## Step 8: Disclaimer!

The Techniques mentioned here are by Andy Bloch who was once a part of MIT Black Jack team and is only for instructional purpose. I am not responsible for any loss you make by employing this technique.

## 7 Comments

Question 2 years ago on Step 5

Seeking clarification on betting unit size. Is it correct or a typo that the betting unit should be one -one thousandth of your bankroll? (1/1000)? In the following paragraph an example is used of a betting unit of 100 (assuming $100). There are very few that will have access to a $100,000 bankroll. Should the betting size actually be 1/100th?

Thanks.

Answer 1 year ago

100 is just an example for simple calculations.

Reply 8 months ago

I understand that $100 is easy to calculate and maybe that's why you used it, but you still haven't answered the question. Are we to understand that someone betting $100 a hand should have a $100k bankroll? I would think at $100 per hand, $10k is more than enough. You'd have to lose every hand for a month straight to lose $100k at $100 per hand.

12 months ago

Thank you for the article. I always thought that in Black Jack it is impossible to count cards. Now maybe I’m more lucky in the future. By the way, how many of you gamble online? At first I was a skeptic and did not trust such sites, because I was afraid for my money and credit card. But then I found out about the iWallet wallet, a detailed review of which you will find on FukuroCasinos. In general, it is an online platform that makes payments and is supported by many casinos. This acts as an intermediary in payment and will secure your funds.

Question 1 year ago on Step 6

Hi there. You say that bet size should be Betting Unit times (TC-1). In your example with $100 betting unit and TC of 5 optimal bet is $400.- you then go on to say that it would be advantageous to play two hands with $400.- so in total $800.- seems a bit odd to me because in fact now we bet TC + 3 times Betting unit. More intuitive to me would be to maybe bet two hands with half a bet each, i.e. $200.- per hand, did I misunderstand, can someone explain? Many thanks in advance!

Answer 1 year ago

TC is the same regardless of the number of players. So it makes no difference whether you're playing 1 hand or 5 hands, the odds are still in your favor at +5 TC and you'd want to get more money on the table in this case. A disadvantage of playing 2 hands in this case is gaining heat from the pit.

Answer 1 year ago

Using the strategy theoretically gives you a small edge over casino. You have to risk more to make more.