Kissing the Frog V2.0 - Back Horn Bluetooth Speaker Fully Printable

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Introduction: Kissing the Frog V2.0 - Back Horn Bluetooth Speaker Fully Printable

Introduction

Let me start with a little background. So what is a back loaded horn speaker? Think of it as a reversed megaphone or gramophone. A megaphone (basically a front horn loudspeaker) uses an acoustic horn to increase the overall efficiency of the driving element (i.e. the sound coming out at the front). A back loaded horn speaker does pretty much the same thing. However, here the horn is mounted to the back of the speaker. So you get the direct output from the front of the driver PLUS the one from the horn at the back. Which frequencies are amplified and how well depends on the air chamber, throat (the narrow part), and on the length, design, and diameter of the horn. Particularly with small (and cheap) drivers this can very much improve the sound quality.

I would call this concept "Kissing the frog". You take that little tweeter and hope it turns into a prince. And yes, it actually does. It is amazing how much sound you can get out of a $10 3.3" driver.

You will find loads of books, papers, and online references for how to design an optimal horn speaker. The problem is that your calculated optimal horn will likely end up taking up most of your living room. However, I found these tools incredibly helpful to better understand the dynamics (i.e. what happens when I change the diameter, length, design of the horn?). Ultimately, the design of a (back) horn speaker (definitely a 3D printed one) will largely be guided by the available space while trying to get as much sound out of a relatively small enclosure / driver.

For this design you will need to have access to a 3D printer. I am using a $ 200 Creality Ender 3 3D printer, which can do prints up to 220x220x250 mm (and does a great job at that). The body is designed to fit a standard 200x200 mm build plate, so most (even budget) printers should be capable of printing this. If you want to use it as a Bluetooth speaker you will need basic electronic and soldering skills. Make sure that you know what you are doing (particularly dealing with high voltage! So take care, all at your own risk and no warranty whatsoever). However, remember, you can always use the enclosure as a passive speaker, which omits all the soldering.

Step 1: Electronic Supplies

Basically this is a super cheap project. All electronic supplies you need for the Bluetooth version should cost around $20.

- First of all you will need an MP3 Bluetooth Decoder Board (approx. $ 1) (the same on Amazon). You could in theory use an amplifier with integrated BT board. The problem is that this way you will inevitably end up with a stereo speaker signal - good if you want to connect 2 speakers (the 2nd speaker being connected to the first by wire), bad if you want a single (mono) speaker as you cannot pool output signals from both amplifier channels. The separate BT board allows for pooling the line out signal before feeding it into the amplifier.

- The amplifier is a TPA3116 D2 Dual Channel 50Wx2 Amplifier Module (approx. $ 3.5) (the same on Amazon)- this one is stereo (which seems like a waste, however, stereo amplifiers are nowadays easier to find than mono and considering the cost of 3.5 $... and may come handy in case you want to connect 2 speakers). For mono you will need to bridge L and R channels coming from the BT board (see the wiring section).

- Pretty much any 12V/1A+ (the more the better) power supply (approx. $ 1.7) (the same once again on Amazon) will do. E.g. an old 12V laptop power adapter would be great. I use a small 10x15 mm rocker switch as power switch (which is optional as the amplifier has a switch built into the volume control - which, however only switches the amplifier).

- A small LM1117 Step Down converter (approx. $ 0.2) (the same on Amazon). This will convert the 12V from the power adapter to 5V needed for the BT board.

- The driver I use is a Visaton FRS 8 M - 8 Ohm 8 cm (3.3") full-range speaker (around $ 10). The exact same driver may be difficult to find in the US but here a few options on Amazon.

However, basically any combination will do (as long as the driver is 3.3" or smaller so it fits the enclosure - if you use a different driver you may have to slightly adapt the mounting holes). I have made an adapter for 2.5" drivers but would really recommend to use a bigger 3 or 3.3" driver.

Step 2: 3D Printing

The enclosure itself is 100% printable. All .stls are attached. All you need is a few M3 screws to mount the driver, the back plate, and feet plus some glue to attach the side panels. For the side panels you have two options. Either printing or cutting them from 6-8 mm (ply)wood. I have included a 1:2 plan (.pdf) for cutting the side panels (and of course .stls for printing). Basically they are simple 20 x 15 cm boards with 10 mm fillets on 3 corners and a 3 mm fillet on the 4th.

Printing itself should be pretty straightforward. You will notice that the body has a 1 mm cover on one side. This is to give it more stability and make it easier to print and remove from the printer. No support or attachments needed.

Slice in your favorite slicing software (I use Cura). Print in PLA (or ABS, PETG... what ever your favorite material is) at 0.28 mm resolution and (around) 15% infill. You will glue the side panels to the body (after mounting the driver and electronics) and the front and speaker will be attached with M3 screws and the back panel that covers the electronic compartment as well. The feet (I print these in TPU) are optional.

Start by printing

- the body (1 piece). The body is a single print, in itself needs no screws or gluing, has a 1 mm cover over much of the lower side (which very much adds to stability), at 15% infill uses up about 350 g of filament, and takes around 20 hours to print. Speaker_Body_V2.stl

- followed by the side panels (if you are not cutting them from wood - print 1 piece each, right and left, respectively). Speaker_Side_002_PartA.stl AND Speaker_Side_002_PartB.stl OR Speaker_Side_Pannels_Drawing.pdf

- the small back cover for the electronics chamber (1 piece), which has openings for the volume control, the rocker switch, and the 12 V power cable. Speaker_Back_V2.stl

- the front speaker ring (1 piece), Speaker_Front_V2.stl

- optional: the feet (4 pieces), ideally printed in TPU, but PLA will also be fine. Speaker_Feet.stl

- optional: volume knob (1 piece), which simply slides over the volume control of the amplifier - Speaker_Knob_V2.stl

Step 3: Wiring

If you re going for the Bluetooth option you will need basic electronic and soldering skills. However, there is always the option of using them as passive speakers (i.e. you simply connect the driver with the output from an external amplifier).

Make sure to wire and test all your electronic components before mounting them in the enclosure (except for the 12V power cable and rocker switch, which goe through a hole in the back cover), this makes troubleshooting so much easier.

This is for the list of supplies above and may be different if you use different components. Connect the output from the 12V power adapter (this one goes through the small hole in the back panel!) to the POWER IN (marked VCC and GND) on the amplifier board PLUS to the little LM1117 board (VIN and GND) - The 5V output (VOUT and GND) from the LM1117 board is connected to the power in on the BT board.If (like I do) you use this as a single MONO speaker, bridge the L and R output coming from the BT board (this is important, it will give you a mono signal, instead of half stereo!). Now you connect the bridged L/R and GND from the BT board to line in (IN-L OR IN-R and GND) of the amplifier (if you are using a stereo amplifier, connect to either the left OR right channel). Finally connect the output from the amplifier (L+ and L- OR R+ and R-) to the + and - on the speaker.

The rocker switch is optional (for the 12V power). However, there is an opening in the back cover, so it is easy to mount (but needs to be inserted into the back cover before soldering).

Try all this before mounting everything in the enclosure (this really helps with troubleshooting).

Step 4: Assembling

You should now have all printed parts and the wired (and tested) electronic components ready for assemblage. Only the rocker switch and power cable need to be in place before soldering.

- Mount the speaker ring to the outside and the driver to the inside of the enclosure with four M3 screws (12 mm) and nuts. Insert the cable in the little channel on the back side of the speaker chamber.

- Mount the amplifier to the back cover (which has a hole for the volume control) - the nut of the volume control will hold it in place.

- Mount the Bluetooth board inside the electronics chamber (use a little glue to make sure it stays in place)

- Mount the back cover with two M3 screws.

- Glue the two side panels to the main body. You may want to sand the contact areas with course sand paper before gluing.

- Attach the feet with a drop of glue and/or short M3 screws.

- Slide the volume knob over the potentiometer shaft of the amplifier.

Step 5: Enjoy!

Turn it on, connect your phone to the Bluetooth receiver, enjoy the music...

HOPE YOU LIKE IT, AND IF YOU LIKE IT, PLEASE LIKE IT!

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66 Comments

0
tk0877
tk0877

Question 3 months ago

Hey can i use Visaton Round Speaker DriverFR 10 HM 8 OHM or R 10 S 8 OHM with the design?

0
EH_Design
EH_Design

Answer 3 months ago

Hi tk again,

Yes and no. Not in this one (i.e. the standard V2.0). I have made a special 4" (10 cm) version of V2.0, and yes, here the 10 cm Visaton drivers should fit.
Check out:
https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4750820

Hope this helps,
h.

0
svenhartmann83
svenhartmann83

5 months ago on Step 3

hi there, i have print the body and got 2 wooden sheets for the side. i order a 3" speaker from asia (midrange) and a stereo amplifire. if i put everything together and play some music ist sound more than a very loud headphone. ok the high and mid tones sound ok but there is no bass to hear. what dit i do wrong? i try some foam in the chanels und under the speaker but it make no diference. can you help me? is it maybe only the speake or is it the full construction ? thanks

0
EH_Design
EH_Design

Best Answer 5 months ago

Hi sven,

Sound quality will largely depend on the driver. Hard to say but in your case "midrange" could imply it is not intended as a full range driver. Also, remember, it's still just a 3" driver.

Cheers, h.

0
roadster101
roadster101

8 months ago

Thank you for sharing your design. Love the look of this, I am scaling down for a 2 1/2 inch speaker, and attempting to cast in concrete. I made a square mould out of laminated faced chipboard, and the horn out of styrofoam. I am just waiting for concrete to cure, and will then dissolve the foam with cellulose thinners. I added reinforcing screed floor fibres to the mix, in a hope to have a little strength in those thin wall sections. Fingers crossed!

0
EH_Design
EH_Design

Reply 8 months ago

Wow!

0
KLP99
KLP99

8 months ago on Step 5

I'm still new (started with 1 Ender 3 before Christmas - the bought a 2nd because my wife said to), though I'm not bad at this. I'm curious about using TPU in an Ender 3.
Do you have direct drive extrusion?

0
EH_Design
EH_Design

Reply 8 months ago

Hi KPL99,

Actually no, I use a largely unmodified Ender 3 V1.0 (with Bowden extruder) and TPU works just fine (retraction is not perfect, so I do get a little stringing with TPU but that's something I can live with).

Hope it helps, h.

0
Rocketbelt
Rocketbelt

Question 11 months ago

Could this design effectively apply to larger driver design? Possibly a 6.5” or 8”?

0
Lee Wilkerson
Lee Wilkerson

Answer 8 months ago

This design has been used for different size drivers for many decades. It is basically a folded horn.

0
EH_Design
EH_Design

Reply 11 months ago

I fear not on a standard (budget) 3D printer. Currently working on a 4" version, which is kind of borderline already.

0
zanegordon
zanegordon

Question 8 months ago

Why use the 12v power supply with a step down for the BT module? The linked MP3 Bluetooth Audio Decoder Module appears to work with DC between 4.5-27v. Thanks

0
EH_Design
EH_Design

Answer 8 months ago

Hi zanegordon,

Where did you find this info? From all I know (and according to the seller's website) the BT module is rated 3.7-5V. Only the TPA3116 amp is rated 4.5-27V.

Thanks, h.

0
zanegordon
zanegordon

Reply 8 months ago

I mistyped. The TPA3116 is 4.5-27v. My question is this:
If the TPA3116 is 4.5-27v and the BT module is 3.7-5v, why use a 12v power supply with a 12 to 5v step down? Would it not be simpler to use a 5v power supply to run both boards? Have you attempted this? It appears to me that would eliminate the need for the step down. Thoughts?

0
EH_Design
EH_Design

Reply 8 months ago

Yes, you could definitely try. However, running a TPA3116 on 5V is a somewhat theoretical option. Output power is closely related to the voltage you use to run the amp. This means that you only get 2x50W out of the amp at 24V/4A (2A for mono). Even at 12V you are probably closer to 2x20W and 5V will give you something considerably below 10W (I think TI has a chart on its website with voltage vs output). Then again 5V is definitely worth a try. Worst thing that can happen is that you decide that you want more after all.

Hope it helps, h.

0
zanegordon
zanegordon

Reply 8 months ago

Thanks for the response! I have ordered the components. I agree the wattage will be 5/12s for the amps. I'll see about a 2A converter to see if it works well. I've a Flashforge Adventurer 3 with a build of 150^3. I took your body design and shortened it such that I can print it. I'll let you know how it works.

0
EH_Design
EH_Design

Reply 8 months ago

Great!

0
EH_Design
EH_Design

Reply 8 months ago

PS.: I recently built one of my 4" BL-2s around one of these little PAM8403 boards: https://s.click.aliexpress.com/e/_9xCUZu (using the same BT board, I mainly wanted it to be portable). They operate on 5V, are rated at 2x3W. I wouldn't expect too much but it definitely works.

0
lesteves2
lesteves2

Question 8 months ago on Step 5

how do you wire in the switch? do you have a diagram?

0
EH_Design
EH_Design

Answer 8 months ago

Hi lesteves,

Think of it sitting just to the right of the power adapter in the diagram (before it branches off to the step down converter). In other words lead the cable coming from the power adapter to the switch first and from there to the amp and buck converter.

Hope this helps, h.