Introduction: Quadcopter HACK! [Design and Print Your Propeller Guard]
Today I will be showing something very interesting especially for those who love flying their quadcopters and doing aerial photography.
THE 3D PRINTED PROP GUARD!......Can also be laser cut
So What is a prop guard??
A Prop guard is something very innovative in a way it protects your quadcopter or your propellers. Removing the risk of hitting someone or something outside or indoors. It is also a cheap accessory that can be printed or cut. I you are aware Of the AR drone it also has prop guards, now what makes it special? Well its because of the hull one for indoor and another for outdoors. It makes things dynamic for the quad right?
Ok so why did i decide to make one?
The dangers of flying a QuadCopter or any other multirotors
First of all flying quadcopters indoor is really dangerous because of the propellers. Hitting someone in the public may cause you serious charges and not only that but you risk destroying your expensive propellers. I know this will come very handy for most aerial photographers out there and If you think prop guards are heavy well think again 4 prop guards only weight aprox. 100g! and that does not really affect your flight does it.
Me as a student Hobbyist
I dont really go out to find some big fields because I have a big house perfect for my quad and a big back yard so why go outside right. I know all parents wont allow their son flying their quadcopters indoor right? So I designed this propguard so that I can play my DJIF450 inside the house or just in my room. And surprisingly when the prop guard arrived from the printing service my parents allowed me and supported me in selling it locally here in the philippines.So to help me mass produce this product here in the Philippines I decided to risk sharing it online to enter this Gadget/Accessorie hacking contest so plss vote/subscribe and hit favorite.
This project was made with the USE of 123D Design
If you have any question or special request PM me I already have tons of prop guard designs
VIDEO Coming soon slow upload here internet problems.....
Step 1: Where to Start?
So to start off you need to remove one of the arms of your quadcopter including the motors mounted.
In the picture I am using a broken motor and a broken DFJI F450 Arm.........
Step 2: Step 1 Lets Begin! Measurements First!
Ok so Now download the 123D design and get a piece of paper, pencil and a ruler or Caliper..."better use caliper" ahem digital.... I want one!
1.on the piece of paper write the radius/ diameter of your motor.........
2.measure the distance between the holes of the motor "screw holes" for my situation the distance was a 16mm and a 19mm in cross form.
3. Measure the Dia. of the motor can and also include the dia. of the bearing
Step 3: Step 2 Arm End Measurements
Now for frame kits like mine this you will need but for must DIY frames out there you might not need to read this step but you might as well read it to give you an idea.
1. Get the diameter/radius of the end part of your quadcopters arm now I will not go to the deep details yet but later on this will serve as your base circle.Going on write down the measurement of this part.
Step 4: Step 3 Propeller Measurement
Now here is an easy step usually there is a label on the propeller you can tell what size it is. In my case I am using a 8"x4.5". Now instead of converting the units grab your ruler and follow the exact measurements in "mm"
Step 5: Modelling Time
So now open up your 123D program
1. Sketch a Circle starting with the biggest circle which is the propeller now type in the diameter and you should have a big circle
2. At the same point enter the diameter from step 3 the "end part of the arm"
3. Now that you have both circles time to use offset
4. Offset the biggest circle by 5-15mm
5. Delete the 2nd biggest circle "The propeller"
Step 6: Lines!
Now we are going to make the boarders of the prop guard
1. Make a line from the center to the end of the largest circle at 20 deg. and at the other side 160 deg.
2.click on that surface and then extrude it by 6-10mm
Step 7: Shell
Now that it is extruded we now make a shell
1. Click on the surface where you want to shell it then set it to outside then thickness of 10mm
2. Go to the bottom view then click on the surface again until it turns blue then click on press/pull.
3. Press it by 10mm then go back again at the top view, you will now see the complete border of the prop guard
Step 8: Base Circle
Now that the shell is complete we now make the base circle
1. Select the center circle and extrude by 5mm "now you have trimmed the unwanted parts"
2 Time to add the center support. If you look at the third image I made a horizontal line that is measuring 8mm at the center of the circle.This will serve a guide line for you to sketch the lines going vertical next. Anyways just look at the picture and do the same thing.
Step 9: Extrude the Support
So now click on the support and extrude it my 6mm again
clean the interior of the base circle and it should look just like the third image
Step 10: Almost Done!
Now the only sketch left is the base circle so we will no extrude it by 4mm.After that we click on the base circle sketch and move it upwards by 4mm placing it at the tom of the solid base circle.
1. We now add a center circle wherein it matches the size of your motors bearing.
2 Remember the arm of the quadcopter well you see most arms have motor hole orientations so we follow it, in my situation from a cross mark we rotate it by 45 deg.So we now make the the cross rotated at 45.
Step 11: Motor Holes
Now Remember the distance of each motor hole we now apply it here
In my case the distance was 16mm and 19mm
1. Make a circle at the center measuring a dia. of 16mm and a 19mm
2.By looking at the image the cross line helps us mark where to place the 3.2mm hole for our 3mm/M3 screws
3. Follow the image and go to the next step
Now delete the unwanted circles and start extruding! and it should look just like the 3rd image
Step 13: Fitting Time
So I got a 3D model of my DJI F450 arm and fitted it guess what fits perfectly
Step 14: Exporting and Printing
Now I hid the unwanted sketches and exported it to .STL file and sent it to our local 3D printing service here in the Philippines -->http://zhaidazz.wix.com/3dprinter
Step 15: Printing
So here is one of the printed prop guards
The print setting will always affect your prop guard in terms of weight and rigidity for now I will not tell the print setting because I actually made prototypes with different print setting to find out what is the best and most suitable for a quadcopter..
Step 16: Screw Screw Screws!
Like i said in the previous step you will be needing M3x12 screws now let me explain why
~WE ARE LOOKING FOR THE CORRECT SCREW LENGTH~
1st of all the thickness of the arm at the end is 6mm + the thickness of the base circle of the prop guard is 4mm add it together its 10mm /1cm now we need to let 2mm of the screw thread to pass through the screw hole on the motor
thats why 6mm+4mm+2mm = 12mm screw :D
So the point here is to know the thickness of the arm where the motor is originally mounted
example you are using a 2mm fiberglass arm for you quad now the base circle of the prop guard is 4mm we just add it all up and 2mm + 4mm + 2mm for the thread and that is 8mm So you will need M3x8 screws
The number of screws will always vary but for me I will need 16 pieces
Step 17: I Cant Find the Proper Screws!
If you can find the proper screw but there are available screw but not the length... It wont hurt buying a cheap wire stripper that comes with a bolt cutter :D
Cut it and do a little sanding on your own
Step 18: Locking Things in Place
So now once you get All 4 of your prop guards remove all old screw bolted onto your motors and and start assembling things and now it should look like my quadcopter :D
I will be uploading a video but for the mean time happy designing and happy flying...ow fly safe with your new prop guard!