Introduction: Raspberry Pi Rover (simple) Using Rpi , Arduino

building an Autonomous rover has been a dream for me . it is not that easy to build a self driving vehicle without 3D sensors like lider , kinect ... etc . in this instructable , i will be teaching you the basic rover which can be controlled using wifi with a video feed

Step 1: Introduction

Step 2: Parts Needed

list of parts needed to do this project

1. Raspberry pi (B+,2,3)

2. wifi dongle (if Rpi B+ is used . other models comes with inbuild wifi module)

3. Arduino uno

4.L293D or other similar motor driver (if needed)

6.wifi router

7.monitor,keyboard,mouse (only for first time installation of Raspberry pi)

8.chassis , motor for making the rover

9.Lipo battery 11.1v , charger

10. battery eliminator 11.1v to 5vdc or ESC with battery eliminator inbuild

Step 3: Main Concept

i have planned to do this in two instructables (simple and Advanced) . this instructable will explain the steps to build a standard rover which can be controlled over wifi network . the harder one will cover ROS , image processing and Navigation


using ssh and vnc server , we are going to connect our computer with the onboard raspberry pi and send controls to the motors

Step 4: Software Needed

1.raspbian os (follow these instruction to flash a memory card for raspberry pi

2.ssh client : for windows (putty for ubuntu (sudo apt install openssh-client)

3.install arduino for raspberry pi (will be covered in this instructable later)

4.xtightvncviewer : for windows (

see next slides for more details

Step 5: Preparing Raspberry Pi

1. flash a memory card and install the raspbian os by following these steps (simple steps only)

connect RPI to a monitor ,keyboard,and mouse (only for the beginning)

open terminal and

2. run sudo apt-get update and sudo apt-get update (only for first time)

3. install vncserver (sudo apt-get install tightvncserver)

4.install Arduino ide (sudo apt-get install arduino)

for the purpose of operating raspberry pi remotely , we need to set a wifi connection with constant ip address . you need a wifi router (or hotspot ) connect pi to it (wifi dongle or inbuild wifi module)

open dhcpcd.conf by using this cmd in the terminal

sudo nano /etc/dhcpcd.conf

enter the following

interface wlan0

static ip_address=

static routers=

(note the ip address and static routers will change for your system . check your router gateway before setting this)

in this pic you can see the default gateway and my ip ... change the last 101 to 130

restart raspberry pi

sudo shutdown -h now

power it on again

now your wifi should be connected automatically (provided you had connected it manually one time with password )

Step 6: Preparing System

for windows

1.install putty download the correct version for your windows 32 or 64 bit and install it .. (simple installation only :) )

2.install xtigntvncviewer

thats it .. connect the the same wifi network

for ubuntu

1. install xtightvncviewer apt-get install vncviewer

connect to the same wifi network and we are good to go

Step 7: Ssh Connection

1. power up raspberry pi putty

3.type the ip address of the raspberry pi that we set earlier and connect

4.enter the username and password for raspberry pi (default USERNAME : pi PASS : raspberry) should see a terminal window as shown in this image

6.enter this command to start the ssh server

vncserver :1 -geometry 720x640 -depth 24

note : for the first time , you will be asked te set a password for ssh client

in windows

open xtightvncviewer (this will also ask you to set password)

in the dialog box , enter the RPI ip address followed by :1

mine is

my ip followed by :1

enter the password in the dialog box

now you should see the RPI display . if not check your connection with wifi and check your RPI ip address


upload this porgram either from computer or from RPI

thats it

Step 9: Hardware Connection

see my video on building this rover

Step 10: Final Step

we had done all the hard works . now , as shown in the video . just open our RPI monitor (xtightvncviewer) open arduino ide and go to serial connection window and enter the commands

f - forward

b - backword

r & l - right and left turn

s - stop

Step 11: Conclusion

we just finished our first tele-operated rover by just using some opensource softwares . in my next instructable , i will teach you how to use ROS ,and image processing for doing an autonomous rover without changing any thing in our rover.

thanks .. if you like this , vote for me !!! :)

Microcontroller Contest 2017

Participated in the
Microcontroller Contest 2017

Robotics Contest 2017

Participated in the
Robotics Contest 2017