Introduction: Designing a Speed Controller for DC Motor
If you are looking to design a DC motor speed controller that functions without using a microcontroller. So in this post, we'll see how to make such a controller and consider following the steps and pictures to build it easily. Let's get started!
Gather Your Components
- IC - NE555 x 1
- MOSFET - IRFZ44N x 1
- Capacitors - 1000uF 16V x 1, 100nF x 1, 10nF x 1, 47nF x 2
- Resistors - 1kΩ x 3, 10kΩ x 1, 50kΩ Potentiometer x 1
- 2 pin header connector with female connector x 2
- 8 Pin IC socket x 1
- Heatsink (for MOSFET) & screw x 1
- Veroboard or copper-clad board x 1
- 12V Motor
NOTE: Purchasing from these links contribute to us and helps to put on more content. This doesn't charge any kind of additional fees.
Step 1: Designing the Schematic
Import all the components on the sheet to design the schematic
Step 2: Building the Circuit on a Breadboard
Building the circuit by referring to the schematic. It's still a better idea to test any type of circuit on a breadboard before making the final prototype.
Step 3: Designing the Layout
Converting the schematic to PCB design in the EDA.
If you want to make a PCB, then follow the steps.
- First download the design, both the top & the bottom layer
- Take the print on an OHP sheet or photo glossy paper using a laser printer
- Take a copper board
- Transfer the development on the board by the method you prefer.
Step 4: Etching the PCB
Etching the PCB with HCL Here I used cupric chloride (CuCl2) as an etchant. Ferric Chloride can also be used.
Chemicals are HAZARDOUS
- Wear proper eye goggles for EYE PROTECTION !!
- Always wear a MASK.
- Wear hand GLOVES!! Don't touch the chemicals with your bare hands !!
Check for short circuits or broken copper tracks.
Step 5: Drilling & Soldering
Drilling the holes on the PCB, where components are to be mounted
Mount the Components on PCB
And then the soldering part usually everyone loves to do, right?
Step 6: Powering Up the Circuit!
Finally, it's time to test it. Before powering the circuit check everything for short circuits, faulty wiring and also check for correct input polarity (Vcc & ground). Then power the circuit.
If THE MAGIC SMOKE hasn't appeared and the motor is spinning and everything is perfect, then turn the pot shaft to check for the change in speed as you turn it. Do not overload the circuit!
Step 7: Success
Great! You have built your own Speed Controller for DC Motor. I'm making use of this module in one of my upcoming projects and soon it'll be on Instructables.
If you have any doubts feel free to drop a comment😀
Don't forget to add to your Favorites💖
FOLLOW US AND STAY TUNED FOR MORE UPDATES!
Step 8: Updates
Check out the DIY PCB drill press machine in which the module is used.
Step 9: OUR SERVICES
TAKE YOUR PROJECT TO THE NEXT LEVEL🚀
We help hobbyists, students and researchers in their projects.
THE SERVICES WE OFFER
• PCB Layout Design
• PCB Fabrication
• PCB Assembly
• Schematic/circuit Design
• Custom Footprint Design
WE KNOW INNOVATION OCCURS AT ALL SCALES
That is why we work with Hobbyists/Maker, Students, Researchers & Companies.
Participated in the
Pocket Sized Contest
1 Person Made This Project!
- riverrunner06 made it!