Introduction: Microcontrollers and a Stepper Motor
Microcontrollers are small computers on a chip . They execute programs for controlling other devices .
Stepper motors are motors which move in discrete steps .They are used in printers ,clocks and other devices .
This circuit will use a microcontroller to control a stepper motor.
Step 1: The List of Electronic Components
This circuit will require ;
An Arduino Uno
AT Tiny (85 or 45)
9 volt battery
Step 2: the AT Tiny
The AT Tiny (45 or 85) will be used in the circuit .
The voltage is applied to pin 8 which has a red lead there .
The ground is at pin 4 which has a black lead there .
Pin 5 and Pin 6 are PWM( pulse width modulated outputs ) which means pulses are generated at a frequency .
These pulses will be applied to the stepper motor to drive it .
Step 3: Connecting the Stepper Motor
The orange lead goes from pin 5 of AT Tiny to Channel A of the stepper motor .
The purple lead goes to pin 6 of the AT Tiny to Channel B of the stepper motor.
The red and black leads of the motor go to the 9 volt battery.
The voltage sensor of the motor goes to 5 volts on the breadboard .(it is a red lead).
The ground from the motor goes to ground on the board .
Step 4: The Arduino Uno 3 and Final Summary
The Arduino Uno has 5 volts supply which is connected to the board(red lead)
The ground from the Arduino is connected to the ground of the board(black lead.)
Now the circuit is complete .
The ATTiny has pulse width modulation outputs which will drive the stepper motor with the 9 volt battery source. .
The Arduino Uno supplies the power (5 volts ) to the AT Tiny .The motor is set at 437 rpm .It is running at
307 rpms .
This project I designed on Tinkercad. It was tested on Tinkercad and works .
I hope this projects help you understand microcontrollers and stepper motors better .