Rodent Bait Station Mouse, Rats, Chipmunks, Field Mice, and Voles




Introduction: Rodent Bait Station Mouse, Rats, Chipmunks, Field Mice, and Voles

When we moved into our "dream house in the country" it was infested with mice. In the evening watching tv I would see mice running behind the tv and around the perimeter of the room. We did not want to poison the mice in the house because of the odor, so we tried spring traps, glue traps, electronic traps, frequency generators, and even a cat. The population did not grow but it did not decrease either. We tried to patch all holes or any entry point we could find, but we were still loosing the battle. Then attending a Home and Garden Show one of the presenters had poison bait stations that you put outside your home so when the rodent goes to a better place he is outside and there is no odor in the house. I said how much and was quoted several hundred dollars for enough stations do my house. Not in the budget.

Shortly after we were finishing a shed and I found several pieces of PVC pipe/conduit scrape and thought they could make bait stations that would protect the poison from our pets and children and still allow the rodents to feast to their hearts content. I made a dozen stations. At first I checked the "food" supply weekly and replaced as needed, after the first winter I reduced checking to monthly, now many years later I check the stations in the fall, Thanksgiving, New Years, and the first of spring and replace the bait as needed. Now I have only seen 3 mice in the house in the last 5 years and was able to catch all with good old spring traps.

Step 1:

Find a piece PVC pipe 1-1/2 inch diameter to 2-1/2 inch diameter. (small enough that your pets cannot get to the bait) 12 inch to 24 inch in length (mine are 16 inches)

Drill a hole in the middle of the pipe I used a 1/4 inch bit because it already was in the drill.

Step 2:

Thread a piece of mechanics wire through the drilled hole and out the end. (any wire or cordage could be used as long as it is flexible enough to go through the hole and out the end) The length of the wire is twice the length of the pipe, (mine is 32 inches)

Step 3:

Purchase rodent poison that is formed into stick, bar, or cube with a hole in the center all the major brands make a product like this. (I use Just One Bite Brand, but it getting hard to find in the store D-con and Tomcat both make a cubed product)

Step 4:

Run the wire through the center and bend the wire in a hook so the diner cannot grab and go he has to eat in and leave some for the next patron.

Step 5:

Pull the wire from the drilled hole and the poison will slide into the pipe and be secured from the elements. Wrap the excess wire around the pipe.

Step 6:

Place the loaded pipe outside around the foundation of your home or building. I place one close to a corner and then the middle of the wall. Also place close to the garage door and back door. Suggested spacing is a bait station approximately every 25 feet. Check the "food" supply weekly at first and as you get a feel of your success rate the frequency can be lengthened. Also if raccoons decide to invade the bait stations, just put a rock or brick on top to keep them from stealing the bait and station. These stations have been very effective on mice, rats, chipmunks, and voles.



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    14 Discussions

    Have you tried peppermint essential oil? Mice hate it. However, I must say, with the major flooding we're having here in Louisiana, they seem more interested in getting into a dry space than their olfactory. It never failed me in West Virginia!

    5 replies

    I have tried the scent repellants and also the sonic repellants both work but in both cases there seems to be a small portion of the population that is not effected by smell or sound. In those cases a snap trap seems to solve the immunity problem. Also repellants do not reduce the population it just sends them to the neighbors or other parts of your property and eventually the over population is its own problem.

    Unfortunately true, baker519. I used the sonics for a couple of years with good effect. But then we had major flooding here in NW Louisiana. The rodents were more interested in a dry, safe spot than the discomfort of either sonic or scent irritants. Now they ignore them both completely. I've given up and will be setting snap traps along with making drowning bucket traps. I hate to do that, but I'm not having my ceiling full of mice. I'll feed the corpses to the buzzards that stop by the house when we have offerings for them. They won't go to waste.

    how do you use the peppermint oil?

    Soak cotton balls with it and sit it around the house. Replace as the scent dissipates.

    I have tried it, it works for small infestations, but I found that with large groups of mice some seem to be "develop a resistance" to the smell.

    I have tried several brands of bait. The Just One Bite was always empty first (do not know if it kill the mice, but it was the most popular) D Con was a distant second, Tomcat and several other green cubes were sampled but not attacked with any vigor. Again I cannot report on effectiveness, just can report on the rate of consumption and the Just One Bite is the most popular through "taste tests". Again I do not have any problems with mice in the house like I used to before the bait station.

    Looking at Amazon reviews of baits Just One Bite has better ratings than D Con or Tomcat (Tomcat has a very low rating)

    Thank you once again for a great Instructble.


    2 years ago

    If you care about Hawks and other predators please don't use poison to control your rodent population, as you will be killing Raptors and owls as well as the mice & rats. I live in a migration flyway and every year numerous birds are killed by rat poison by eating rodents that were killed or are dying from poison. It's much more humane to break their little necks with a traditional trap. Clean kill so the rodents don't suffer and no deadly "bait" for the birds of prey, neighborhood cats and other innocent predators.

    2 replies

    I do not want to get into a major discussion on the ethics of poison. I tried for over 10 years to rid my residence of rodents. Like I mentioned in the instructable I tried every style of trap and repellant I could find. The net result was equivalent to digging a hole in a bucket of water. Studying rodents, mice and rats only range 30 to 50 feet from their nest if they have food, water, and shelter. Like I said after going with the bait stations I am able to prevent damage in my residence with traps. With such a relative small range of the rodents, I do not think it is a major threat to the bird population in the area. The birds of prey do not come close to my residence the closest I have witnessed is approximately 100 ft.. so it is not likely that they would be feasting on rodents that got in the poison. Also my cat and the neighbors have shown no ill effects from eating the local rodents.

    I would use poison bate freely if a local dog wouldn't eat anything. I use a recipe of corn flour and cement powder 50/50. The mouse activates the cement internally leaving it dead and non-toxic. I place bate where only small rodents fit.

    Thanks for another good Instructable.


    2 years ago

    Once the mice leave the bait station and start to get sick it is easy for a pet to catch and eat them. This can kill the pet, so be on the look out for the sickness of your pet if you use this method.

    I have had a rat problem where I raise birds. Having so much feed available made it easy for rats to get big. I did not want to use poison but tried spring traps and barrel traps which the rats soon learned to avoid. I shot some large ones, and the rest learned to only forage when dark. I finally broke down and went the poison route. I did buy one of the locking rat poison holders and soon learned that all I needed was to screw a long deck screw thru the hole of the tom cat poison block onto a long board and place it under the raised pylon foundation of my shed which is surrounded by lattice, I could keep the free ranging birds safe. I would have used large drainage pipe with the stick/ screw / bait similar to yours, but I didn't have any scraps of drainage pipe on hand.

    I did have two rats that lived in my feed storage shed happily living off of the bags of feed. Just screwing the bait block to the sill plate eventually took care of my free loading friends. No enclosure was necessary as non target animals did not have access to the shed.