Baobab Germination - the Angle Grinder Method

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Introduction: Baobab Germination - the Angle Grinder Method

About: The guy with a chainsaw and an oscilloscope.

Baobab (Adansonia sp.) seeds need a bit of help to germinate on-demand, at home. They have an incredibly hard seed skin that needs to be penetrated mechanically to allow the water in and start the magic. We also show how to help the young plant out of the seed shell before the trapped seedling starts to rot inside.

We find it too dangerous to life and limb to try and chip away at the stone-hard seed with a sharp knife. It's time for power tools!

Local rednecks Katarina, Andrej and Matjaz make use here of an angle grinder, pliers and a cup of water, to scarify seeds and achieve near 100% germination (20 out of 20 so far).

Step 1: Scarification, Day 0.

Grind away at the fat side of the seed (away from the indented side), as shown in the photos.

Note that this will tend to locally overheat the seed. We dunk it briefly into the cup of cold water every couple of seconds during the grind. You are done when you just about start to see the white interior of the seed.

Step 2: First Soak, Day 1&2.

Give the seeds an overnight soak in tepid water. This will start to soften the hard seed shell from inside out. From a hardness similar to that of a walnut shell, it will gradually, over the hours, soften until the consistency of rotten wood.

After the soak, check on the seeds to see if you can already use your thumb fingernails to remove some of the seed coat, starting where the hole was ground through and working outward, partially exposing the creamy-white embryo. If you can do it gently, remove about a half of the seed shell at this stage. Don't remove all of it at once, you will probably break the embryo if you try.

In any case, do not leave the seed in water for more than 12 hours at one time. Give it a good rest with plenty of air to prevent any rotting. We wrap it in just slightly moist paper towel and protect from drying out between two plastic cups.

Whether still in the shell or half naked at this point, give it another several hour water soak just like the day before.

After this second soak, the seed coat will definitely become soft enough to work away. Be gentle, again, don't force away all of the coat in one go, 1/2 in one day, 1/2 the next day when it becomes far easier.

The embryos are almost animal-like, the forming root is well visible and they appear full of life.

Step 3: Unfolding Life, Day 3&4.

Naked embryos get one or two more overnight drinking campaigns, interleaved by the previously described moist towel aerobic holidays.

If you can do so gently, use tweezers to remove some of the loose "packing material" from between the folds of the leaves (see second photo) because they tend to trap liquid water and are a potential rot risk. Don't be too strong though - breaking the little plant in half is far more damaging. :)

At this stage, the little beasts are in an excellent shape for potting...

Step 4: Mother Nature Takes Over Here, Day 5-6.

For each plant, we poke 3 drainage holes (with a hot cheap old soldering iron) through the bottom of a 300-400ml (10oz+) disposable plastic cup and fill it with a 50:50 perlite + peat nursery mix. It ís so airy and well draining that even luxurious watering does not induce the infamous root rot in Baobabs.

Baby seedlings are placed root-tip-down in the mix and covered with an extra few mm (1/4") of the same mix.

It only takes hours to a couple of days in a warm bright place to see the plant going green and pushing out of the mix.

Step 5: Still Lookin' Good, Day 21 & Day 365000.

Our Baobab is now 21 AG (=days since Angle Grinder).

Note the tool burns from the birth. The seedling is firm and healthy, root tips reaching cup bottom and sides. First very dilute liquid fertilizer lunch was one week ago, followed within days by a rapid growth of the first set of true leaves.

A few ceramic pots (and centuries) later we hope to cast shadow over an elephant. The tree in the photo was born in an earlier Instructable and grown under 6500K hydrogen fusion light.

Step 6: Preppin' for Winter.

Fall same year (November 17th 2016), they feel lack of light and warmth, and slowly defoliate (central Slovenia is approx. USDA zone 7).

We took them out of the pots, to find some "athlete's foot" fungal problems at the bottom. Partial amputation until firm healthy tissue, followed by sulfur dusting of the wound.

At this stage, we go the dry season. They will be hanging in mid air from a string, indoors, next to a window.

1 Person Made This Project!

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23 Discussions

0
ecklund.dane
ecklund.dane

6 weeks ago

I just started some seeds a few days ago after soaking, scarification with sand paper and drying for a day and it looks like some roots are forming out of the seeds which broke apart, is that normal? (Day 2)

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mvencelj
mvencelj

Reply 6 weeks ago

Hi. By broke apart, do you mean cracked the shell or did the embryo break into parts? If you want to, add a photo and I can tell more easily...

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ecklund.dane
ecklund.dane

Reply 5 weeks ago

there appears to be a root with a split open seed attatched, though it is to young to have sprouted fully yet. It seems to have redish roots now and is rooted into the soil

0
mvencelj
mvencelj

Reply 5 weeks ago

This sounds okay! Just make sure in the coming weeks to have the substrate just LIGHTLY moist, very airy, never completely dry. It's a bit of an art - one very wet night and they can turn into mush. Good luck! :)

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ecklund.dane
ecklund.dane

Reply 5 weeks ago

there is now a root with a seed dangling from its center, i recovered it with dirt but it looks like roots are also growing from the places i had buried my other seeds as well, the roots are red and white

0
MuratY19
MuratY19

Question 4 months ago on Step 6

Hi ! I am also an avid propagator of the Baobab, but I have a question about the storing for winter. Do you actually take it out of the soil and hang them to dry?? I have just bought two pre-planted shoots and have potted them, but not so sure it is going work. Pleased to hear your advices.

0
mvencelj
mvencelj

Answer 6 weeks ago

Yes, I do actually do that, but it worked one year (sprung back to life in spring) and it dried them to death another year. I might wrap them a bit next time to reduce water loss.

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MuratY19
MuratY19

Reply 6 weeks ago

Thanks!

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ashm20
ashm20

2 years ago

In between soaks when the embryos are in most paper towel how long do you leave them before placing them back in water

0
ashm20
ashm20

Reply 2 years ago

By the way I'm in Australia and my seeds are Adansonia Digitata and I do have a few Adansonia Gregorii. Cheers Ash

0
mvencelj
mvencelj

Reply 6 weeks ago

Sorry did not notice questions. I leave them in the paper anzthing between 6 hrs and36 hrs.

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mvencelj
mvencelj

3 years ago

We added a step 6, a photo from last fall, when the 1/2yr old seedlings just went dormant. Right now, spring is coming in, so we hope to follow-up soon with an update on new leaf formation.

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Mihsin
Mihsin

4 years ago

This is also how to help an olive seed to sprout.

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gravityisweak
gravityisweak

4 years ago

Is the 50:50 perlite + peat nursery mix a specific mix you can buy or something you typically have to mix yourself?

0
mvencelj
mvencelj

Reply 4 years ago

I mix it myself because it's far cheaper if you need more than a gallon per season. I think it's also available commercially, but might have fertilizers added which some seeds don't like.

(For instance, Venus Fly Trap plants need a home-mixed one, because fertilizer in many commercial ones could kill it straight away.)

0
Luminous Wonder
Luminous Wonder

4 years ago

Thanks so much for sharing... i just spent a ton of time sprouting Baobab seeds for my nephew, the old school way... while my angle grinder was sitting a couple feet away!

temp_772823388.jpg
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mvencelj
mvencelj

Reply 4 years ago

Thanks for the pic! (BTW, it looks a different species than mine. Mine are A. digitata.)

0
gravityisweak
gravityisweak

4 years ago

This is great. I'm very curious to know what they look like when they are a year or two old. Do you have any photos?

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mvencelj
mvencelj

Reply 4 years ago

Hi, sorry no photos of older seedlings.. That's because last fall I drowned the roots of ours when I did not recognize them going dormant and continued watering. :(

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seamster
seamster

4 years ago

This was a fascinating read, thank you so much for sharing!