Easy Guide to Repair 6 and 12 Volt Electric Ride on Toys

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Introduction: Easy Guide to Repair 6 and 12 Volt Electric Ride on Toys

About: I enjoy. radio restoration and collecting and woodworking.

How to repair most common electrical ride- on toys

Step 1: Diagnose the Problem Equipment Needed

There are few common problems which can cause an electric ride-on toy to quit working. A volt meter will be needed but you won’t need an expensive meter. The circuit runs from the battery sometimes they have a fuse or diode connected to one of the battery terminals. If you can test at that point and have an electrical current then go the on/off switch ( not all ride ons have power switch). From there the voltage goes to the pedal then it’s passed on to the forward/reverse switch and motherboard.Then it’s passed to the motors.

Step 2: Testing the Batteries and Connections.

Check 6 volt or 12 volt batteries 6 volt fully charged should read 6 plus volts 12 volt should read 12volts plus. You also want to check the terminals inside the connectors battery side and vehicle side. I had a customer who had a 12 volt John Deere back hole tractor, the battery and charger were both checked out good but he could not get the tractor to work. There was corrosion in one of the connectors preventing the battery from making contact. Sometimes a battery can give you a false good reading before moving on to switches and motors unplug the battery from the vehicle. Using the plug that the battery would connect to, insert a couple of small nails or screws into the plug. This is to give the charger something to connect to, it won’t damage anything. Check on the plug for pos. and negative then hook a regular battery charger 6 or 12 volt depending on the battery side. If you plug in a charger and it works it’s the battery that’s bad.( UPDATE ON BATTERY VOLTAGE DETERMINING CONDITION BY VOLTAGE READING. I HAVE COME ACROSS A 12 VOLT BATTERY WITH A READING OF 12 PLUS VOLTAGE THAT WAS BAD THIS IS THE FIRST BATTERY IN 10 YEARS THAT HAD A PLUS VOLTAGE VALUE, BUT WAS BAD) So double check to make sure you don’t have the same issues.

Step 3: Testing Throttle or Foot Pedal Switch

On the throttle switch you can use the multi meter using the added chart in pic. The foot peddle switch you can disconnect and jump the connection on the switch I use a paper clip, if the motor starts turning once you jump the connection you know it’s the pedal switch. Two more switches on the vehicles are your forward/reverse and fast/slow switches. If your vehicle won’t run or only runs slow or only goes forward or reverse. These switches could be the problem.If you have a vehicle that only goes forward or reverse or high low. Under the switches you will see the wires connecting to each switch. If you have a high low speed switch undo the wires and turn the switch around and replug them in. If it was only working in high and you turn the switch then it only runs in low you know the switch is bad. All replacement parts are available online. If your vehicle won’t move once the battery has been charged and you check it for 6 plus or 12 plus volts. Reading just 6 or 12 can be a sign of a bad battery, it has to be over the voltage because the start up using load power to begin to move the vehicle.

Step 4: Replacing the Battery Charger or Battery

The two main manufacturers of electric ride-on toys are Power Wheels and Peg Perego, make sure which one you have and the voltage (6/12 v )when ordering parts. The connections on these batteries are made to manufactures specs. But that doesn’t mean you have to use their batteries, you can undo the casing and remove the plug connections. Some times the clips are soldered on but not every time. You can take them apart and reuse the plugs, just identify the positive and negative cables. If you have to replace the terminals you can mark them yourself . When replacing the battery charger with the one in the picture you just have to make contact with the metal clips in the connector (pos. To pos. Neg to neg.) Also test your charger to make sure it’s putting out the correct voltage 6 volt or 12 volt and make sure it cutting off when it’s supposed too. I have one car brought in that the charger didn’t cut off, it burned up the battery,control board and melted one of the rear lenses on the vehicle. Once you see the green light or after charges all night test the charger with your volt meter.

Step 5: Checking Controller and Motor

The easiest way to test the controller is once the batteries and switches have been determined to be good turn the throttle or press the pedal switch. If you hear a clicking sound the controller or motherboard is most likely bad. You can also test it with the voltmeter. Testing the motor is done by disconnecting it from the controller and hook up 6 or 12 volt charger to it and make sure it turns. The pic of the large motor is from Razor scooter or moped style the pic of the two smaller motors are found in most 4- wheeler type or the typical cars and trucks. The motors rarely go bad.

Step 6: Drill Drainage Holes

The biggest problem after batteries going bad is shorted switches, The main problem is these ride ons are not waterproof, if they are washed or rained on they won’t drain properly. Even if you have a brand new ride on the biggest tip I can give is drill drain holes. Under pedal switch gear switch speed switch even the battery compartment. There are many new models coming out that have working lights wired radio and remote controls. You have to remember most of these vehicles are made in China. The more accessories the less juice you have for driving which also destroys the battery sooner, it has to be charged more often.

Step 7: Changing the Battery and Vehicle Swicth

You can cut off the connectors one leads from the battery and connects to the vehicle connector. If you are going to use a universal charger instead of the one that came with the vehicle you can connect to the metal clips inside of the connector (pos to pos. neg. to neg. ) .If you are going to use a different battery then the manufacture reuse the battery connector or cut off the manufactures battery charger connector and replace with the universal metal clips which will connect on the new battery.

Step 8: Newer Models

There are many newer models being put on the market and most are coming from China. The more accessories the less power you have for driving,the new ride ons have wired radios, working lights and remote controls. The batteries run down faster and sometimes the mother boards can’t handle the extra charges. .

Step 9: Jeep Brought in As a Trade From a Repeat Customer

Repeat customer brought a Jeep that was having trouble, the car would take off as soon as the battery was connected. The problem was the foot peddle switch. It was a power Wheels model Jeep so the peddle switch worked off an internal spring it was stuck in the on pressed in position. There was no way to rebuild it so I just changed it with a new one. That solved the problem and along with a new paint job it will be listed locally for sale.

Step 10: Check Double Check

Customer brought I an older John Deere Gator, she wanted fixed. Tested battery and it was bad, hooked up a test battery and put it in forward gear and it ran. Then shifted to reverse and no response, with this vehicle forward/reverse is all one switch. I was thinking I would have to replace the switch, but one I took the back panel covering the motors I found the real problem. A mouse moved in and built a large nest, her or her babies ate the motor wiring and sprayed the motor (always wear gloves and face mask, cloth mask types work). Replace the wiring and motor and battery, now it’s good as new. If I had only suspected the switch and had bought a new one it would have been a waste.

Step 11: Battery and Fresh Paint

Had someone bring in a ride on that their kids out grew. Put a new battery and a paint job and it was ready to go.

Step 12: Someone Brought in a Curbside Find

Took the body off to check for broken or cut wires and checked the motors (12 v) replaced one and a new battery. Painted and then put the truck back together.

Step 13:

With a lot of extra parts on hand, had someone ask me to build a trailer for their grandkids.

Step 14: Extending the Run Time

if you want to increase the run time for your child’s ride-on you can hook up two 6 volt or 12 volt batteries together. I do not recommend increasing the voltage but do recommend adding run time.

You can hook up two batteries parallel and it won’t increase the voltage. Putting two batteries side by side call one “A” and the other “B”. Connect one wire from red “A” to red “B” and connect one wire from black”A” to black “B”.Then run a separate wire from red “A” to the vehicle then run separate wire from black “B” to vehicle.

Step 15: Bad Idea

Have a few people asking about upgrading their batteries to a higher voltage. When you increase the voltage there is a danger of electric fires . Had someone bring in a 6 volt that was upgraded to a 12 volt and they didn’t realize the pedal switch, on off switch and motors was all affected because they couldn’t handle the higher voltage

Step 16: Repairing Forward Reverse Switch

You can buy replacement switches online for around $7-$10 each. But you can also repair the old ones while waiting on them to come in. Open the switch by removing the top button,empty the contents on your work table. Using spray lubricant to clean the housing and contacts, once you inspect the springs you can replace them. The springs are the cause of most switches to stop working. Cut your new spring 1/2

Step 17:

Once again whichever battery powered ride-on you own, unless it’s kept inside . You need to drill drain holes, the pics are of a hover board that the moisture got to and ruined.

Step 18:

Step 19: Steering Not Working

Had a customer bring in a Power Wheels tank and the steering wasn’t working. There is a bad design where the steering motherboard was located, the manufacturer sent out new motherboards. After charging the motherboard the steering still didn’t work. I removed the gearbox that was attached to the steering rod and opened the casing to remove the two screws that was holding the motor in.I would suggest taking a pic before removing the gear cogs.I was able to give the motor a lubricant bath and was able to free it up. Re-installed the gearbox and it worked perfectly.

Step 20:

Step 21: “Fix It

Times being tough had someone bring me a curb find to see if I could “fix it” for them. Other then having no battery, gear case or motor it was in good shape. Since I have plenty of parts and him buying a battery and charger, I was able to “fix it” . After parts and some paint got it presentable for him. Mickey Mouse coup the original Rat Rod.

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    1,027 Comments

    0
    jwfritz09
    jwfritz09

    Question 4 weeks ago on Introduction

    Hi there! I have a Hollicy brand 12V Jeep (Called Moderno Kids). The issue is that the Jeep runs, then suddenly cuts off. The on/off switch has light when ON, but it cuts off for no reason when in operation. If you push the button and turn it back on, it works, but then happens again. Battery is good, wondering if i should bypass the switch?? What else would make the unit turn off?

    0
    jveazey
    jveazey

    Answer 4 weeks ago

    You can find an off/on switch online, eBay, Amazon, or https://www.kidswheels.com/parts. It can also be the fuse overheating and again you can find parts online.

    0
    MarkosK6
    MarkosK6

    7 weeks ago

    Hi all . A friend gave me an electic toy car for my daughter, its used the car worka fine in the remote control mode when i put the switch to manual mode, the car goes back and forward at its own, what ever i do the car does the same move back and forward ( 5cm back 5cm forward and repeat) any thoughts about that?? Thank you

    0
    jveazey
    jveazey

    Reply 7 weeks ago

    Ask the friend if it did that when he had it. Wondering if the pedal switch could be causing the issue or if the remote is interfering. Try taking the batteries out of the remote and see what happens. Let me know.

    0
    manaz7
    manaz7

    Question 8 weeks ago on Step 16

    My 12v tractor doesn’t go forward only reverse checked battery & all other stuff my son says the switch is not good need to order a new one where can I get one please.

    A3EB3C32-BB6E-4468-B63F-F401EF6FC1B9.jpegFA05EA5E-D51C-421B-9438-37E6E112E324.jpeg45E3981C-1BED-4199-9EE5-21BAD3162591.jpeg
    0
    jveazey
    jveazey

    Answer 8 weeks ago

    What brand and model tractor is it ?

    0
    manaz7
    manaz7

    Reply 8 weeks ago

    Winado agriculture vehical

    0
    jveazey
    jveazey

    Reply 7 weeks ago

    Try opening the switch there should be springs on the inside, they usually get broken. But being a new vehicle I wouldn’t expect them to be bad.

    0
    jveazey
    jveazey

    Reply 7 weeks ago

    It must be a newer model, this is one of the sites I used. They didn’t have anything matching your modelswitches. You should try contacting the manufacturer .

    0
    Andre Robertson
    Andre Robertson

    Question 2 months ago

    Good Day Guys.
    New to this.
    I have a ride on wheels. I purchased a brand new 12v 7ah battery for it today. When I put the battery in the lights come on but the car isn't starting. Yet when I put the battery in my kids ride on bike it works like a bomb.
    What can it be. I checked that it's fitted correctly and all cabling seems fine

    Any help will be appreciated

    0
    jveazey
    jveazey

    Answer 2 months ago

    Ok so we know the battery is good, did the lights come on after the power button is pressed.The voltage goes from the battery to the fuse then to the power switch if the car has one. From the power to the forward/ reverse switch( then High/low if it has one) then the pedal switch. If any of those are bad it won’t move.

    0
    Andre Robertson
    Andre Robertson

    Reply 2 months ago

    Yes the lights came on but that's all. What do you suggest I must look at

    0
    jveazey
    jveazey

    Reply 7 weeks ago

    You need to start checking the switches for continually of the voltage, you will need a voltmeter.

    0
    JimmyV12
    JimmyV12

    Reply 8 weeks ago

    Ok they come on when you press the power button. So battery and power button is good and also fuse.The next step are the switches if you have a volt meter you can check the voltages at each for 12 volts.First check the ( speed hi/low switch) then the forward/ reverse, then the pedal. The pedal switch is a common switch to go bad, because rain can collect around it.

    0
    odeyjames17
    odeyjames17

    Question 2 months ago

    I just got a used 6V Minney Mouse Coupe for my daughter and it worked for a few minutes and then stopped. Ive checked everything with my multimeter. The battery reads 6.3V. All the switches work. All the connections are tight and clean. The fuze is good. I checked for broken wires or high resistance. All good everywhere. I get 6.3 volts (from the battery, through all the wires, connections, and switches to the wires that power the motor.) But if i connect them to the motor it does nothing. Even turns off the battery voltage screen on the dash as soon as i hit the go switch. So i jumped the battery straight to the motor to see if the motor was shot, and it starts running like an F1 car. I feel like if the battery was the problem it wouldn't run the motor like it does when i jump it, but when i run it through the rest of the circuit that seems to be all solid it coughs, farts, then drops dead. It doesnt have a whole bunch of extra features like lights, remote control, and hydrolics like the new ones do. So I really cant find any reason why its not working
    If anyone could help that would really help because my little girl really wants this this up and running. Thanks.

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    0
    jveazey
    jveazey

    Answer 2 months ago

    Do you know how old the battery is ? If you could bring it to an auto parts store “AutoZone “ or “O’Riely’s and see if they can do a load test although being a 6 volt battery not sure if they can.Do you have a access to a 6 volt charger that you can hook up to the car instead of the battery. If you do and once it’s connected to the car if the car starts to work then you know it’s the battery. Let me know what happens and then we can try to trace it to the next step.

    0
    avohra1985
    avohra1985

    Question 2 months ago

    We transported car through from NZ to Australia. Dismantled maximum and battery. Car arrived and I assembled it however speaker was not working. While playing with the wires I accidentally touched earth wire with metal and I smell something burnt and whole car went off. Not turning on. Charger is sending power to battery as charger light changes color. What could be the fault t how to Fix?

    0
    jveazey
    jveazey

    Answer 2 months ago

    Check the fuses thermal/fuses

    0
    jveazey
    jveazey

    2 months ago

    Avohra1985 check all fuses

    0
    whatsup82
    whatsup82

    Question 5 months ago on Introduction

    Heyho there!
    So I am trying to fix my nephews 12V ride on jeep (pic of manual attached) and hoping someone might be able to help me please. It's driving me a bit nuts now tbh lol. I've tested and checked most obvious things(I think). The car is basically the same design as the hello kitty car : https://images.app.goo.gl/F74zL5qhfaH4NUbN7 but not pink with miserable looking cats on!! Anyhoo, I'm stumped with it...

    The car works well/fine via remote control but doesn't through the accelerator/gas pedal. I've checked all the switches work (forward/reverse, gas pedal, high/low speed, pedal/remote, on/off) fine. Continuity through the wires, batteries (both 12V) but can't find the problem. Any ideas? Very welcome. The car has been stored in a garage and is clean. No mud, etc. I also can't find any signs of corroded contacts or pins, or wires, etc. The crimps are all good on the wiring and strong.

    Thanks in advance for any help!!

    IMG_20210722_180728035.jpgIMG_20210723_131746080.jpgIMG_20210723_131754380.jpgIMG_20210723_131855528~2.jpg