Electric Airplane Launcher

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Introduction: Electric Airplane Launcher

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Launch mini paper airplanes from your desk, without ever winding up your arm. Perfect for office shenanigans or other indoor fun!
By using common electrical components we can make our own electric paper airplane launcher!
You might even discover you have many of the parts required already laying around, especially if you have any old toys with small DC motors.

Check out the launcher in action:

Pretty neat, right?

Enough talk, let's launch some airplanes!


Step 1: Tools + Materials


tools
  • wire strippers
  • soldering iron
  • rotary tool (or hacksaw)
  • hot glue gun
  • hobby knife

materials
  • 2x DC motors (3V)
  • 2x rubber grommets
  • SPST switch (or any other switch)
  • copper wire
  • scrap plastic
  • small hobby box
  • 2x AAA batteries (or other 3V power)
.

Step 2: Wiring Diagram

Each DC motor is rated at 3V and each AAA battery is rated for 1.5V, so we'll need 2 AAA batteries and our motors to be wired in parallel.

The neat thing about these toy DC motors is that if you reverse the polarity they spin the other direction. Using this concept we can wire each motor up inversely to each other and create a opposing rotations, allowing a pinch-point to be formed by the rotors when placed next to each other. Then, by attaching rubber grommets to the rotor heads, we can use that pinch-point as a method to fling our paper airplane.

A switch was added to allow the motors to be user controlled.
Use care when wiring and don't short circuit your motors (like I did), or your batteries (which I also did).

Step 3: Make Openings in Hobby Box

Openings will need to be made for each rotor head, with allowance for the grommets, and for the switch and cables. I cut a large opening in one side of my box, exposing the entire front portion of the motor including the heads. Then, a large bore hole was drilled into the top for the switch and a smaller hole on the other end for the battery cables.
Your hobby box will be different, experiment with positions to find a nice compact solution.

For clean edges I used a rotary tool, but a hacksaw or sharp hobby knife would also work. These tools are dangerious, so be safe when cutting and wear appropriate safety equipment.

Step 4: Stuff Components

After wiring your components and cutting openings in your hobby box it's time to stuff the former in the latter.
Use hot glue to hold everything in place, ensuring that the motor heads are clearly exposed.

Next, place the rubber grommets on each head, once installed the grommets should be lightly touching or have a slight gap between them. If the grommets have too much friction the motors won't turn and if the gap is too large your airplanes won't get any traction. Fine tune as necessary to ensure smooth, unhindered operation.

Step 5: Add Guide Rails

These motors are tiny but powerful, so powerful that guide rails had to be included to keep the plane on desired trajectory and not getting whipped in some random direction. Rigid, thin guide rails were cut from scrap plastic and placed inside of motor heads, under the grommets. The guide rails direct the airplane into the pinch point and out the other side, directing the plane towards where ever you point it.

With the guide rails installed you're all done, put some fresh batteries in your launcher and test it out!

Did you make your own electric paper airplane launcher? Place a picture of your version of this project in the comments below.

Have fun! Happy making :)

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    33 Discussions

    0
    jrowley3
    jrowley3

    5 years ago

    How willing are you to make and sale one to me

    0
    jmcconnell5
    jmcconnell5

    8 years ago on Introduction

    Here's mine: the body is an old cap gun, the guide rails (or rail) is a pen tube with a slot on the top, the wheels are lego ones, the switch is a big microswitch (if you look closely it is where the trigger was) and the motors are normal 3v dc ones. hope you like it :D

    instructables callenge launcher 001.jpginstructables callenge launcher 002.jpg
    0
    nkrishna3
    nkrishna3

    Reply 5 years ago

    superb

    0
    mikeasaurus
    mikeasaurus

    Reply 8 years ago on Introduction

    Wow, that's amazing! I'm really liking the pistol grip.
    Enjoy the digital patch and 3-Month Pro Membership!

    0
    ilpug
    ilpug

    8 years ago on Introduction

    Was just thinking how you could make a simple torsion version of this too, as opposed to an electric one.

    0
    reptedjess
    reptedjess

    9 years ago on Introduction

    Because throwing the plane yourself takes to much effort. Hell, you had to even fold the paper. Get ahold of me when we have a machine that does that for us. Then I'll try this out.

    0
    kc5qnk
    kc5qnk

    Reply 9 years ago on Introduction

    Play nice...

    One use for it in the classroom setting is to provide a uniform launching force so as to be able to effectively compare different models. I have seen commercially-made launchers for this purpose, but I am going to have to build this one...very nice, and MUCH less expensive!

    0
    vishalapr
    vishalapr

    9 years ago on Introduction

    I just added glide rails and it works quite a bit better now!

    DSCN3264.JPGDSCN3265.JPG
    0
    mikeasaurus
    mikeasaurus

    Reply 9 years ago on Introduction

    nice job, thanks for sharing!

    You've been patched. Enjoy the 3-month Pro Membership!

    0
    vishalapr
    vishalapr

    9 years ago on Introduction

    Here is mine! I didn't need any guide rails...but maybe will add some soon...
    And my motors were round motors...my batteries were AA and the switch was some weird switch I got from an old printer...so yeah mine is bigger...

    DSCN3260.JPGDSCN3261.JPGDSCN3262.JPGDSCN3263.JPG
    0
    ilpug
    ilpug

    9 years ago on Introduction

    great. gotta make this for some of the larger gliders i have made. i have two old tablesaw motoers.... i wonder if i could make a giant one to launch a giant plane?

    0
    DieCastoms
    DieCastoms

    9 years ago on Introduction

    I would like to make or see someone else make a pistol-grip version of this with a "launch button" for the trigger. It would run only when the button is held.

    Very simple and fun looking instructable. I may try it if I get a chance.

    0
    masynmachien
    masynmachien

    Reply 9 years ago on Introduction

    I like these launchers. This is a great Ible on it.

    My daughter and all of her classmates did a pistol-grip version a couple of weeks ago, based on my related Super-fast-paper-plane-launcher Ible. They made it to fit balsa gliders they also built.

    IMG_0970.JPG
    0
    dreadengineer
    dreadengineer

    9 years ago on Step 4

    There's an alternative that works well for motors that just have a normal shaft, with no gear mounted: use a Lego wheel, the kind that fits onto a plastic Lego shaft. Drill a hole down the center of the Lego shaft, and push the Lego shaft onto your motor's shaft. You can now mount a Lego wheel on the shaft of your motor.

    I feel like it would be better if you could bend the guardrails upward at the exit end, since the airplanes in the video seemed to be launched at a downward trajectory.